University of Texas
Archibald "Archie" Waugh Straiton
August 27, 1907–July 22, 2000

 

 

In 1931, Archie Waugh Straiton (1907–2000), earned an MA in physics with a thesis entitled, Measurement of the Propagation Characteristic of Electric Wave Filters. In 1939, he earned a PhD in physics. His dissertation, supervised by Professor S. Leroy Brown, was entitled, Solution of analytic and differential equations by harmonic processes. Straiton later joined the electrical engineering department and became chairman.

Archibald "Archie" Waugh Straiton was born on August 27, 1907, in Arlington, Texas, to Rev. John (1864–1951) and Jeannie Bell Waugh (1867–1944) Straiton. Archie's father, John was a minister born in Slamanan, Stirling, Scotland. Archie's mother, Jeannie was born in Rutherglen, South Lanarkshire, Scotland (her death certificate says Ireland). John and Jeannie and their eight children sailed from Londonderry, Ireland on April 24, 1906 and arrived in Boston on May 11, 1906. They next traveled to Ft. Worth, Texas. Their 1924 passport photo is at right. They were married May 18, 1888. Archie's siblings included Nellie Straiton (1889–1965), Catherine Patton Straiton Woodruff (1890–1968), David Straiton (1892–1959), Janet Waugh "Nettie" Straiton (1893–1979), Alexandrina W. "Ina" Straiton Crites) (1895–1990), Jean Straiton Armstrong (1897–1984), John Alexander Paton Straiton (1900–1958), James Waugh Straiton (1905–1982). Archie was born after their arrival in the US.

 

 

 

Archie married Esther McDonald on December 28, 1932. Esther was born in 1909, in Azle, Tarrant, Texas to William Newton and Maude Hillard Bailey McDonald. Esther graduated from the University of Texas in 1930 with a degree in English. Esther and Archie had two daughters, Janelle and Carolyn. Esther died on October 22, 1983, in Williamson County, Texas.

 

 

 

 

 

Photo above is from 1930 UT yearbook, The Cactus. At right is a high school photo, school unknown.

There are two University of Texas scholarships honoring Archie and Esther: Archie W. Straiton Endowed Presidential Scholarship and the Esther M. Straiton Endowed Presidential Scholarship in Electrical and Computer Engineering.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Memorial Resolution,
University of Texas at Austin
(with some additions by Mel Oakes)

Archie Waugh Straiton, Ashbel Smith Professor Emeritus, was born in Arlington, Texas, on August 27, 1907, and passed away on July 22, 2000, at the age of 92.

He received a BS in electrical engineering and an MS in physics from The University of Texas at Austin in1929 and 1931, respectively. He then took a teaching job at Texas A&I College in Kingsville, where he remained for four years. He returned to UT Austin to continue his graduate study and received a PhD in physics in 1939. (His thesis was entitled, "The Solution of Differential and Analytic Equations by Harmonic Processes" and was supervised by Professor S. Leroy Brown. )

In 1943, Dr. Straiton joined the faculty of the Department of Electrical Engineering at UT Austin, where he had a distinguished career as teacher, researcher, and administrator. In 1945, he founded the Electrical Engineering Research Laboratory at the Balcones (now Pickle) Research Center and served as its director until 1970. Over the years, the center provided the facilities for the funded research activities of many UT faculty, and many undergraduate and graduate students.

Dr. Straiton was a pioneer in the study of how radio waves interact with various constituent gasses of the earth’s atmosphere. His measurements of the absorption of millimeter wave signals by oxygen and water vapor are still considered to be the definitive database for the field of millimeter wave propagation. These studies also led to the development of specialized instruments that were used for both local and remote sensing of the micrometeorological properties of the atmosphere itself. Data obtained from these instruments provided a better understanding of the dynamics of the wind, temperature, and humidity in the atmosphere. Professor Straiton regularly published the results of his research findings and was author or coauthor of well over 100 technical articles.

Dr. Straiton was also responsible for the design and construction of a 16-foot parabolic antenna with reflector surface tolerances so small that it could operate effectively as a radio telescope at millimeter wave frequencies. At the time it was constructed, this antenna had the largest ratio of aperture diameter to surface tolerance of any radio telescope in the world. In addition to being used to map the radiation profiles of the sun and planets in our solar system, the telescope was used at the McDonald Observatory site by radio astronomers from all over the world in the discovery of many new millimeter radio wave sources throughout the universe.

Dr. Straiton’s achievements as both a researcher and an educator received national recognition when he was elected to membership in the National Academy of Engineering. (His National Academy recognition came in 1976. At that time it was noted that Dr. Straiton had supervised more that 63 master's theses and 27 PhD dissertations and was the author of more than 100 technical articles in professional journals. He served as a U. S. delegate to seven general assemblies of the International Scientific Radio Union.—Mel Oakes) This was followed by his receiving the prestigious Edison Medal from the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE), a professional organization of which he was also named a Fellow. The citation for the Edison Medal reads “for an outstanding career in electrical engineering with significant contributions in the field of radio propagation and astronomy, and in engineering education.” At the University he received a Presidential Citation and was named a Distinguished Engineering Graduate.

Dr. Straiton was an outstanding teacher at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. During his tenure on the faculty, many, if not most, of the graduate students in electrical engineering took his popular course on electromagnetic theory. He was extremely active in graduate student supervision. At the time of his retirement, he had supervised more graduate students than any other faculty member in the department. His teaching accomplishments were recognized by the University when he received a lifetime teaching excellence award.

Dr. Straiton gave unselfishly of his time to the University, the community, and his profession. He served as chair of the Department of Electrical Engineering, and was acting vice president and dean of the Graduate School from 1972 to 1974. He served on numerous committees and advisory boards of the IEEE and other organizations, including the National Bureau of Standards and NASA. He was also a member of the board of directors of Southwest Research Institute in San Antonio. In the community, he served as chairman of Austin’s Energy Conservation Commission. He was an active member of the University Area Kiwanis Club and served a term as its president. Following his retirement he became an active member and participant in LAMP, the acronym for “Learning Activities for Mature People.”

Over the years, Dr. Straiton made substantial monetary donations to the University. Following the 1983 death of his wife, Esther, Dr. Straiton made a donation to establish an endowed presidential scholarship in her memory. Several years later, he donated funds to establish a second endowed presidential scholarship in memory of his close associate and research partner, Charles W. Tolbert. He also made donations to the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

Dr. Straiton was a humble and caring man. He cared for his students, his faculty colleagues, and his family. He was always calm and seemed never outwardly bothered by any situation. He never raised his voice or said a bad word about anyone. He gave with his whole heart, and he did not expect anything in return; he was the perfect example of a kind gentleman. He will be greatly missed. At the time of his death, he was survived by his two daughters, Janelle and Carolyn, and their husbands, six grandchildren, and ten great-grandchildren.

This memorial resolution was prepared by a special committee consisting of Professors Francis X. Bostick (chair), Edward J. Powers, and Baxter F. Womack.

Archie W. Straiton

Biography associated with his receiving the Edison Medal

At right, Archie W. Straiton receiving the 1990 Edison Medal from IEEE president Carlton Bayless. The IEEE Edison Medal is presented by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) "for a career of meritorious achievement in electrical science, electrical engineering or the electrical arts." It is the oldest and most coveted medal in this field of engineering in the United States.[1] The award consists of a gold medal, bronze replica, small gold replica, certificate and honorarium. The medal may only be awarded to a new leap/breakthrough in the technological area of science.

Archie W. Straiton was born 27 August 1907 at Arlington, Texas. He received the degrees of B.S. in E.E., M.A. in Physics, and the Ph.D. in Physics from The University of Texas at Austin in 1929, 1931, and 1939 respectively.

 

 

 

 

From 1931 to 1943, he taught at Texas A. & I. University at Kingsville, and in 1943 he joined the faculty of The University of Texas at Austin. He served as Chairman of the Electrical Engineering Department from 1966 to 1971 and as Acting Dean of the Graduate School and Vice-President from 1972 to 1973. He became Emeritus in 1989. 

In 1945, Straiton helped establish the Electrical Engineering Research Laboratory within the University and was its Director from 1947 to 1972. This organization conducted research on many aspects of the propagation of radio waves through the atmosphere including horizon and vertical refraction of microwaves, sea surface ducting, television coverage, atmospheric refractometry and geo-magnetics.

In 1951, he and Charles W. Tolbert started a comprehensive study of the transmission characteristics of millimeter radio waves. They measured atmospheric attenuation from eight millimeters to one millimeter (as sources could be obtained or improvised) in the laboratory and over a wide variety of outdoor paths including transmission from Pikes Peak to Mount Evans in Colorado. Measurement of the radiation from the sun, moon, planets and satellites revealed transmission properties of the entire atmosphere and provided data on some of the components of the solar system. One of high precision antenna systems permitted the reception of the first intercontinental microwave moon bounce from Malvern, England in 1958. A five-meter parabolic antenna system was later used extensively by astronomers for the measurement of interstellar gases. 

Straiton received the Presidential Citation from The University of Texas in 1982 and the Distinguished Engineering Graduate Award in 1984. He was Regional Director of the Institute of Radio Engineers in 1953 and 1954. He was a three-term member of the USA National Committee of the International Radio Engineers and was Chairman of its Commission 11 for one three-year term. He attended seven URSI International Conventions as a USA delegate. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers and a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He was awarded the IEEE Edison Medal in 1990 "For an outstanding career in electrical engineering with significant contributions in the fields of radio propagation and astronomy, and in engineering education." 

He married Esther McDonald in 1932.  They had two daughters, Janelle Holman and Carolyn Erlinger, six grandchildren and three great grandchildren. Straiton passed away on 22 July 2000.

 

 

Archie Waugh Straiton Photo and Document Album

Rev. John Straiton, father of Archie W. Straiton.
Rev. John Straiton, father of Archie W. Straiton. John Straiton, 1940
"Scottish-born retired Fort Worth business man has accepted a call to serve as minister of the Church of Christ in Burleson, Texas."
University of Texas at Arlington Libraries, Special Collections

Archie W. Straiton and brother, James "Jim" Waugh Straiton, 1915

 

Straiton Family, 1914

Back Row, Left to Right: According to records the team was coached by Albert S. "Abb" Curtis who had recently graduated from UT, this man is clearly not the young Curtis, more likely B. H. Winkleman the head coach, ?, ?
Front Row: Waymon Young, Captain Earl, maybe Womack
Back Row: Archie Straiton, Joseph Brown, Coach, Louis or William Steele, ?

Fort Worth, Central High School, City Champs

Archie and Esther and their first home in Kingsville, Texas, 1933. He taught at Texas A&I College after his MS.

Left to Right: Janelle, Archie, Esther and Carolyn, 1947

Renaming of Off-Campus Research Center to Balcones Research Center-May, 1953

L To R: Front Row, J. Neils Thompson, Director, ?, Logan Wilson, UT President, Collier Read Granberry, Prof. Engineering, ?, Arthur E. Lockenvitz, Prof. of Physics, William A. Cunningham, Prof. Chemical Engineering, ?, Archie W. Straiton, Prof. of EE, Byron E. Short, Prof. of Mechanical Engineering

Very Back Row: L to R, ?, ?, Emmett Hudspeth, Professor of Physics, Elias Howard Sellards, Prof of Geology, ?John Tipton Lonsdale, Director of the Texas Bureau of Economic Geology and Professor of Geology.

Archie W. Straiton and brother, James Waugh Straiton, UT yearbook, The Cactus, 1926.
Archie W. Straiton and brother, James Waugh Straiton, UT yearbook, The Cactus, 1927.
Archie W. Straiton, UT yearbook, The Cactus, 1928. Right end of 2nd row from the bottom.
Noyes D. Smith Jr and Archie Straiton, 1928 UT yearbook, The Cactus, Both studied physics,
Archie became a professor of electrical engineering at UT.

Noyes D. Smith Jr and Archie Straiton, 1927 UT yearbook, The Cactus,
Both studied physics, Archie became a professor of electrical engineering at UT.
Esther McDonald (Straiton), 1929 UT yearbook, The Cactus,
Archie Waugh Straiton, 1976 UT yearbook, The Cactus, Right end of second row.
1955 UT yearbook, The Cactus,
Front Row: Frederick E. Brooks, Jr., Edith Clark, Margaret F. Towers, Archie W. Straiton, Burns N. Gafford, Chairman; Robert W. Wamer.
Back Row: Hubert W. Smith, Cullen M. Crain, William C. Duesterhoeft, Jr., William F. Helwig, Elmer L. Hixson, William H. Hartwig,
Donald C. Thorn, Kenneth J. Cox.

1956 UT yearbook, The Cactus,

Front Row: Donald Childress Thorn, Morgan Alcide Bondy, Archie W. Straiton, Burns Newman Gafford, Chair; Albert Newton McQuown, Jr.
Second Row: Robert Marshall McClure, William H. Hartwig, Elmer La Verne Hixson, Harold Wood Smith.
Third Row: Kenneth Jackson Cox, Cullen Malone Crain, Frederick Emerson Brooks, Jr., Alfred Hall LaGrone, William Charles Duesterhoelt, Jr.

Archie Waugh Straiton, 1932 Texas College of Art and Industries yearbook, El Rancho, Bottom Left.
Archie Waugh Straiton, 1939 Texas College of Art and Industries press release. Professor Mannings photo not shown.
Archie Waugh Straiton, 1929 UT yearbook, The Cactus, At left.
Archie Waugh Straiton, 1977 UT yearbook, The Cactus, IEEE
Identification of previous photo.
Archie Straiton, Theta Chi, The Cactus, 1931
Archie Straiton, EE Department, The Cactus, 1967
Archie Straiton and associates hard at work, 1960s
Archie Straiton 's radio telescope, 1963, built for the Balcones Center by the Western Development Labs, Philco Corp., Palo Alto, CA, a subsidiary of the Ford Motor Company. Cost about $400,000.( Information from Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage, 15(3), 232-245 (2012) by Paul A. Vanden Bout, John H. Davis and Robert B. Loren). This millimeter radio telescope was used for measuring signals from our galaxy, and for probing the moon and measuring planetary brightness. It was moved in 1968 to Mount Locke at the McDonald Observatory in order to participate in testing signals from a new synchronous communications satellite. Professor Straiton and C. W. Tolbert were project directors.
Archie Straiton 's radio telescope following removal to McDonald Observatory. The facility was renamed, Millimeter Wave Observatory (Information from Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage, 15(3), 232-245 (2012) by Paul A. Vanden Bout, John H. Davis and Robert B. Loren).
Archie Straiton's 3mm receiver. A similar receiver was installed on the 25th floor of the University Tower, seven miles from a truck mounted transmitter at the Balcones Research Center and also Mount Larson. This was likely the longest distance the 4.3 millimeter waves had been transmitted by man. The year was 1954. The work was carried out by Professor Archie Straiton and research engineers, C. W. Tolbert (at right) and C. D. Tipton.
Truck mounted 4.3 mm wave transmitter.
Archie and Esther Straiton, 1975

University of Texas Class of 1929 50th Reunion.

Bottom Row: (left -to right)
Lee F. Tracy, Herta McNatt, Harriet Grady Weil, Mildred Arbuckle Couser, Ethlyn Cahn Rubenstein, Jeanne Levy Gelber, Louis C. Page, Gyneth Stugard Williams; Elsa Heidmann Braun, Mary Eloise Steele Steinman
2nd Row: (left to right)
Margaret Hill Sawyer Kyser, A .C. Kyser, Agnes Abernathy, Yvette C. Rosenthal, Janie Florey Blackshear, John A. Wilson, Anne Breese Barnes, Eleanor Boldt Weedin, Alberta Edwina Scott, Lattie Mae Kilpatrick Shellhorn, Gwendolyn Shepherd, Paulina Croswell Bynum, T. H. Williams
3rd Row: (left to right)
W. S. Birdwell, Jess C. Carter, Russell S. Whitmire, Joe L. Franklin, Ruby Ponton Sponberg, Julian Cate, Charles Edge, W.R. "Mike" Moyers., John Minter, Joseph Goltz
4th Row: ( left to right)
Joseph Hornberger, W. R. Ellis, Warren Shipman, Walter Wukasch, E. T. Peterson, Lewis Hahn, Archie Straito, Lewis Hamby, Ruth Lockwood Smith, Eleanor Weber Price, Mary Virginia Chick, Perry B. Carroll, Sim Gideon
Top Row: (left to iight)
Carl Edward Bock, Donald Redmond, James W. Winfrey, Dow D. Warren, John E. Wolf, Roland Lee House, H. Calvin Barrick, Virgil L. Smith, J. Thomas Kelley, John Robuck, Rudolph A. Engelking, Sol Goodell

Archie Straiton receiving the 1990 IEEE Edison Medal from IEEE President Carlton Bayless

"For an outstanding career in electrical engineering with significant contributions in the fields of radio
propagation and astronomy, and in engineering education."

 

Archie Straiton With Youngest Grandchild, Liz, 1978
Archie Straiton, at work in his office
Archie and Esther Straiton Family, 1998
Archie Straiton, Alcalde, 1990, page 1
Archie Straiton, Alcalde, 1990, page 2
Archie Straiton, EE Department, History of UT Devices for Measuring Atmospheric Index of Refraction, 1963. p-1

Archie Straiton, EE Department, History of UT Devices for Measuring Atmospheric Index of Refraction, 1963. p-2

Obituary for Dr. Cullen Malone Crain, 77, an electrical engineer and Rand Corp. researcher who developed an improved hot line between Washington and Moscow. Educated at the University of Texas, Crain invented an instrument called the microwave atmospheric refractometer that helped explain how radio signals are transmitted in the atmosphere. He moved to Rand in Santa Monica in 1957 and worked there for 40 years. He was among the first to investigate the effects of electromagnetic pulses resulting from high-altitude nuclear explosions. Crain later developed improvements in radar tracking, nuclear test detection and communications satellite technologies. He was an advisor to the White House Office of Telecommunications Policy and served on several defense science boards. He died February 15, 1998, in Santa Monica, CA.

Dr. Crain can be seen in several UT EE Department photos. EE Department Photos

Archie Straiton, EE Department, History of UT Devices for Measuring Atmospheric Index of Refraction, 1963. p-3

Andrew Prather Deam, born in Dallas, Texas, on December 10, 1917. He was the son of Benjamin Earl and Anna DuBois Prather Deam. He graduated from Texas A&M University in 1940 with a bachelor's in electrical engineering. He received a master's from University of Texas in Austin in 1949. He was a research engineer in the UT Electrical Engineering research Lab for over 20 years. He maried Virginia Spillar on May 22, 1948. She was from Marble Falls, Texas, (1925–2003). The had a daughter, Judy Deam Baugh. Andrew died on May 25, 1993 in Austin, Texas. He and Virginia are buried in Austin Memorial Park Cemetery.

Archie Straiton, EE Department, History of UT Devices for Measuring Atmospheric Index of Refraction, 1963. p-4
Archie Straiton, EE Department, The Cactus, 1967

 

^Back to Top^