University of Texas
Lulu Mary Bailey

November, 1869 - February 13, 1921

 

 

Lulu Mary Bailey 1898
Lulu Mary Bailey 1900
Lulu Mary Bailey 1902
Lulu Mary Bailey 1920


Introduction

In the course of my effort to provide a complete picture of Lulu Bailey, a happy conclusion emerged. She is likely one of the earliest, if not the first, woman physicist in Texas, maybe even in the Southwest. Despite the absence, as yet, of a publication, other than her master’s thesis, her scientific curiosity led her to several of the centers of physics research of that period, the U. of Chicago and Johns Hopkins. Presumably she took what she learned back to Texas and shared it with her colleagues and students, expanding their horizons and their goals. Elizabeth Reames earned a PhD in physics at Tulane in 1913. She was an Instructor-Assistant Professor at Tulane until 1954. Her research was however in botany.—Mel Oakes

Lulu Mary Bailey was born in Clarksville, Texas, in November 1869. Clarksville is in Red River County in the northeastern part of Texas near the Oklahoma and Arkansas lines. It is the birthplace of two acclaimed novelists, John Edward Williams (Augustus, Stoner) and William Humphrey (Home from the Hills) and Euell Gibbons, author of cookbooks and foraging guides, proponent of natural diets, and television personality popular in the 1960s and 1970s.

Lulu was the second child and first daughter of Joseph S. and Julia Ann Tomlinson Bailey (picture at right). Joseph, born in February 1834, was a druggist who had moved from Georgia to Texas. While the census records report that that he was a druggist, he was later identified as a physician. The druggist often served as physician in small communities. Dr. Bailey is considered the founder of the town of Bailey, Texas. This is an account of the founding, “Soon after 1860, Dr. A. J. Ray bought land and settled in what is now the north part of Bailey. He had an office, a store and a blacksmith shop. Not long after Dr. Ray settled, Dr. Josiah S. Bailey bought land and settled in what is now the south part of town. He was not only a physician, but operated a general store and farmed land which he purchased for $3.00 an acre. Both Dr. Ray and Dr. Bailey wanted the town to bear his name. As a result of the argument, legend has it that they constructed a barbed-wire fence across the middle of their properties and called one part "Ray" and the other part "Bailey". The town remained divided until 1885 when the Cotton Belt Railroad came and Dr. Bailey donated land for the right-of-way. The fence was removed and the town united under the name "Bailey." (I believe this Josiah is Joseph Bailey, Lulu’s father.)

In 1890, the Baileys donated the land in Bonham to build the Methodist church (see arrow) shown in the 1910 photo.


Julia (seen at right) was born in Red River County, TX on September 21, 1844, making her a daughter of the Republic of Texas. She and Joseph were married in 1866, several years before the birth of Lulu. By 1880, they had moved 60 miles to Denison, Texas, in Grayson County, a larger city 50 miles north of Dallas. Lulu attended school with her siblings: brother, John W. (June,1868–?) who later worked for the Board of Control in Austin, Minnie (1872–?), Dora (1875–?), Bonnie (June 1876–?), and Joe Farr Bailey, bookkeeper, (Dec. 30, 1880–July 20, 1961).

In 1880, Joseph retired from the practice of medicine and purchased land in Central and North Texas before moving to San Angelo, TX. Before his death in 1907, Dr. Bailey promoted the Bailey Addition near Angelo Heights in San Angelo. Joseph died in 1907. Julia assumed control of their business properties which also included a sugar and banana plantation in Mexico. Mrs. Bailey reportedly rode mules from the railroad station to the plantation camps while visiting her Mexico holdings up until her 82nd birthday. Her daughter Bonnie married John Zacheus German (b. Feb. 3, 1872-–d. Jan. 26,1948 in Frio, TX), and they lived on and operated the plantation in Mexico. Julia Bailey lived to age 94, dying June 18, 1939, at her home, 515 Koberlin, San Angelo, TX. She and her husband are buried in Fairmont Cemetery in San Angelo. Informant on death certificate was Joe F. Bailey, son, Ft. Worth, TX (d. July 20, 1961)(wife Janie D. Bailey). Julia’s strong will, resourcefulness and independence and Joseph’s scientific interest were traits inherited by their remarkable daughter Lulu Mary Bailey.

In 1887, Lulu graduated at age 18 from Whitesboro, Texas high school. (It could have been Whitesboro Normal School, given that she was 18 it is likely she had already finished high school at 16 or 17. Whitesboro Normal School had been started in 1878 by Professor J. C. Carlisle. The school enrollment reached 100 before closing in 1888 after Carlisle moved from the town.) In 1887, a small college in Bonham, Carlton College, became a women-only institution. It was reported in her obituary that she attended Carlton. A wide array of topics were taught at Carlton. Courses were offered in mathematics, surveying, music, astronomy, physics, botany, chemistry, geology, Latin, French, English, and two courses in Bible study. She likely had enrolled in Carlton completing some work and also teaching in the nearby town of Bailey. If she earned a degree at Carlton, she never listed it with her academic history. In 1892, at the age of 23, Lulu entered the University of Texas as an undergraduate. Her first year was marked by excellent grades in physics, math, French, sophomore chemistry and good grades in English. For unknown reason, she withdrew during the 1893 fall term of her sophomore year despite satisfactory progress in all her classes. The University of Texas has no record of her attending again until the fall term of 1897. During 1897-98 she takes biology, English, geology, German, mathematics, physics, political science and Spanish.

In 1892, Lulu was quite the social butterfly. In January, the Dallas Morning News reported that she and her sister, Dora, visited Mrs. Albert Erwin in Leonard. In the June 27, 1892 issue of the News, the social column, Kaleidoscope of Society, under the Pittsburg section, reported couples enjoying a picnic on flag pond, included were J. D. Bass and Miss Lulu Bailey. In the September 4, 1893, issue of the Dallas Morning News, the Bonham section of the Social Column lists Miss Lulu Bailey as having gone to Honey Grove. The J. D. Bass was Jefferson Dozier Bass, a lawyer and a prominent member of the Pittsburg, Camp, TX community. He became a judge and served twice in the Texas Legislature. He is pictured at left.

In 1898, Lulu appeared in the University of Texas yearbook, the Cactus. She is one of 11 girls in a class of 29 students and a member of the Ashbel Smith Literary Society, a membership she maintained for the rest of her life. The society, formed in 1889, gave women an opportunity to debate, perform dramas, and host musical and literary performances. It was named for the first president of the Board of Regents. (Smith was eventually dropped from the society’s name.) She is also listed as a student assistant in physics for 1897–1998. Others listed are John Mathias Kuehne and Charles Philip Norby. Lulu served as editor of Magazine, 1894–1995 and also was selected as president of her Graduate Class in 1899–1900.

 

 

 

 

Lulu was awarded a BS in 1899, at the age of 30, seven years after first enrolling in the University and twelve years after her high school graduation date. Her freshman grades were As in math and a C in French during the Winter term (despite an A on the final). She improved her French grade to A the next year. In English, she had a C in the Winter term (again with an A on final) and a B in the spring. Obviously she continued to distinguish herself in science and math since she became a student assistant as an undergraduate.

 

Lulu Bailey’s transcript from the University of Chicago records that she first attended there the nine weeks’ summer quarter in 1898, between her junior and senior year at Texas. She earned half a credit with a B- in Advanced Experimental Physics (m19) and another half credit in General Physics (m23) with A classwork and B on exam. She also enrolled in Plane Analytics Math (m 3?), however she was absent 4 days, has C classwork and was absent from the exam so earns no credit. In Summer 1899, she is listed as registered for Graduate. School. Her courses include Differential Calculus, 3/4 credits with grade of B, Advanced Experimental Physics, one credit, grade-passed, Physics Manipulation, one credit, grade-passed, and Electric Waves (m38), half credit, grade passed. The Annual Register of the University of Chicago shows Lulu enrolled during the summer of 1899 as an Unclassified Student. Her transcript however listed Degree Sought-PhD.

In 1902, she returned to Chicago for the second summer term following her master's degree at Texas in 1901. She earned half a credit in Advanced Experimental Physics with grade of B. She signed up for Graduate Experimental Physics but either did not attend or failed to complete the course since no grade was recorded. In the summer of 1902, she was a visitor in an elementary German class, earns one credit in Theory of Equations, classwork-B, exam-C, one credit in Advanced Integral Calculus with grade of C and half a credit in Differential Equations with grade of C. Her final summer at Chicago occured in 1903 when she earns 3/4 of a credit, in Mathematical Physics (5 absences), 1/2 credit in Experimental Physics-Electricity and 1/2 credit in Electricity and Magnetism, all with grade of B. She is registered for Alternating Currents but does not complete the course.

The courses taken at Chicago are surprising given that she should have completed such courses at Texas. Other explanations would be that the quality of the courses was not sufficient or the small enrollments resulted in few courses being available at Texas.

At Chicago she listed her high school as Whitesboro High School and her home as Bonham, TX. She was living at 5742 Jackson Avenue in Chicago. During the summer of 1899, Robert Millikan was offering most of the courses. The 1904 UT Board of Regents Report list Mary Lulu Bailey as having been a graduate student at the University of Chicago during the summer semesters: 1899, 1900, 1901, and 1902. (U. of Chicago has no record of her attending in 1901). We know she was completing her MA at Texas during the 1899 and 1900 school year. Lulu’s decision to study at Chicago was surely influenced by the school progressive policy regarding graduate education for women. Many schools excluded women from such study. Chicago had one woman PhD in physics before 1900. According to Walter Crosby Eells, only three were awarded in the 19th Century in the US. (Bull. Am. Assoc. of Univ. Professors 42, (1956): 647 and 649-51)

It is highly likely that she taught school before attending UT, a common path among women completing high school at that time. In the summer of 1900, the family was living in Denton, TX, where her father was farming. In the 1900 Census, her mother listed 6 surviving children from 8 births. Joseph listed his birthplace as South Carolina and likewise for his parents. Julia, her mother, again listed Texas as her birthplace, with her parents being born in Tennessee. Lulu’s profession was school teacher, unemployed for 9 months, presumably while at UT. Others in the household include John N. Bailey, 32, Lula (sp) 31, Joe F., 19, and Bonnie, 23, with her husband J. Z. German, 28. J. Z. and Bonnie were married in 1898. The Bailey home in San Angelo was in an affluent section. Successful business and community leaders were pallbearers at Julia Bailey’s funeral in 1939. Lulu likely was financially able to pursue her education interest as a result of the economic prosperity of her parents.

Following her graduation from UT, the Regents appointed her Assistant in Physics at a salary of $350/annum. In a 1900 report to the University President, Physics Chair W. T. Mather concluded his report with the paragraph at right.

In 1901, Lulu wrote her masters of arts thesis entitled Interferometer Methods. W. T. Mather, Harry Yandell Benedict (Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy, BS University of Texas, 1892, and MA, 1893, PhD, Harvard U., 1898) and Charles D. Rice (BS, Vanderbilt U., 1891, and MS 1892) signed the thesis. The signature of T. U. Taylor, Professor of Applied Mathematics, also appeared on the thesis. The thesis explored the Michelson interferometer; it is not surprising that she would choose this for her work since, in the summer of 1898, she studied at the U. of Chicago where A. A. Michelson was a professor. As noted earlier, she returned in the summers to Chicago for courses. In 1907, Michelson was the first American awarded a Nobel Prize in Physics for his optical instruments and experiments. It surely would have been an honor to meet him and explore questions that would have arisen in the course of her thesis. It is not a stretch to conclude that Lulu had an influence in the decision of her colleague, John Matthias Kuehne, to seek a PhD in physics at the U. of Chicago. Lulu returned home to an appointment as Tutor of Physics at a salary of $600. She lived in Austin at 301 West 1st Street.

In 1902, the Dallas Morning News listed the salaries of “University Instructors.” Lulu’s salary was $800/year and she was listed as Tutor in Physics. John M. Kuehne, with equivalent education, was paid $900/yr and appointed Instructor in Physics. Associate Professor of Physics and Chair, W. T Mather, received $2500. The president, William L. Prather, recieved $3333.24 in salary.

In the spring of 1908, the Regents approved a leave of absence for Lulu to attend Johns Hopkins University. Johns Hopkins has a student file on Lulu M. Bailey, but it consists only of a single-page application form. Admission to Hopkins in their early years—especially for graduate students—was a brief, informal process. She applied for admission on October 2, 1908. She gave her full name as Lulu Mary Bailey, born in Clarksville, Texas, in 1869, and was then living in San Angelo. Under parent/guardian, she listed her mother, Mrs. J. S. Bailey, of San Angelo, Texas. For her educational credentials, she indicated “diplomas from the University of Texas.” She then itemized her affiliation with the University of Texas, listing her degrees and that she was an Instructor, 1901–1908. The only other information on this form is a sentence where she was asked to state her intention in coming to Hopkins. She wrote, “It is my purpose to [take] some graduate work in physics.” Thus, she gave no indication that she intended to pursue a Hopkins degree. Two documents obtained from Johns Hopkins show her classes.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Two PDF excerpts from Johns Hopkins catalogs for 1909 and 1910, comprising the “Enumeration of Classes” for the “second half-year” (i.e., spring semester) of each of those years. The catalogs in the late 19th century published class lists for both semesters, but by this time they were only compiling such lists for one semester. You’ll see “Bailey, L. M.” listed (red arrows) under many classes in physics and astronomy, along with the names of instructors: Joseph Sweetman Ames, Robert Williams Wood, John Boswell Whitehead, August Herman Pfund, John August Anderson, and William Julian Albert Bliss.

Thanks to James Stimpert, University Archivist, and Norma Berry at Johns Hopkins University for these documents and information.

Lulu found housing at at 1104 McCulloh St. and the next year at 902 St. Paul St., both within easy walking distance from a trolly line to the Johns Hopkins campus. Lulu pursued her interest in optics; she attended classes given by R. W. Wood, internationally recognized for his optical studies and instruments. At right, in an excerpt from the President’s Report at Johns Hopkins in 1909, we see that Lulu read two papers in a seminar. She was awarded the courtesy of a Fellowship by Johns Hopkins. While at Hopkins, she listed in the 1910 Census that she resided with her mother in San Angelo, TX. Her mother had her “own income” and owned their house free and clear. Lulu said she was a teacher at the State University. Upon her return to Austin, she continued her appointment as Instructor and regularly received salary increases. However, her pay fell behind her colleague Kuehne once he earned a PhD. She was made a member of the faculty, however, she did not have a vote. Later, this restriction on her appointment was removed. In 1912, Lulu and her mother Julia A. were living at 2008 University Avenue in Austin.

 

 

On November 5, 1916, the Fort Worth Star Telegram ran a picture noting UT faculty having served 20 or more years. The picture is below. Lulu Bailey is seated second from the left, on the front row. Original version of photo is shown below newspaper version

Left to Right, Standing

John Avery Lomax, (Secretary of the Faculty); James Robinson Bailey, (Professor of Chemistry); *Martha Maud Smith (1875–1928) (Librarian-Cataloguer); Roberta Frances Lavendar (1871–1953), (Instructor of Latin); Frederic William Simonds, (Professor of Geology and Chairman of the School of Geology); *Morgan Callaway, Jr. (Professor of English); Harry Winston Harper (Professor of Chemistry and Dean of the Graduate Department); *Harry Birk Beck, (Superintendent of Building and Grounds)

Left to Right, Seated

*Harry Yandell Benedict, (Professor of Applied Mathematics and Dean of Men); *Lulu Mary Bailey (Instructor of Physics); *Jessie Andrews, (Instructor in German and First UT Woman Graduate (1886); *Helen M. Kirby, (Dean of Women); Lelia May Casis, (Professor of Romance Language and First Woman to achieve Full Professorship); William James Battle, (President and Professor of Greek); Thomas Ulvan Taylor, (Professor of Civil Engineering)

In 1918, Bailey was promoted to adjunct professor and held that position until 1920, when it was necessary for her to request a leave for illness. At the time, she was a roomer in the home of Chester I. Owens at 307 West 17th Street, (1920 Census). Her campus obituary which appeared in the 1921 Cactus* states “Miss Bailey suffered a nervous breakdown just before the June 1920 Commencement and had been on a leave of absence ever since. Miss Bailey improved steadily until, around Christmas, it was thought that she would soon be able to resume her duties. Christmas, however, she suffered a relapse which ultimately resulted in her death.” She died Sunday, February 13, 1921, at her home in Bonham. Funeral services were held at Bonham, Tuesday, February 15, 1921.

According to this entry in the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, February 15, 1921, page 12:

Miss Lulu Bailey Buried in Bonham

“Miss Lulu M. Bailey, for many years connected with the department of physics, University of Texas, who died at her sister's home in Bonham Sunday, was buried there Monday. Her brother, Joe F. Bailey of Arlington Heights, attended the funeral.”

Willow Wild Cemetery Records
Lula Bailey
Plot: A 153 2NW
b.
d. 13 Feb 1921
Interment: 14 Feb 1921

The Fannin County Genealogy Society has not found a tombstone for her. They will be photographing all tombstones in that section before the end of March and will know for sure that there is no stone but none has been recorded for her.

The funeral was held at the home of her sister Dora and W. A. Peters, 816 5th Street, Bonham, Texas.

*Complete Entry From 1921 Cactus:
Miss Lulu Mary Bailey, adjunct professor of physics, died Sunday, February 13, 1921, at her home in Bonham following a long illness. Funeral services were held at Bonham, Tuesday, February 15. Miss Bailey suffered a nervous breakdown just before the June 1920 Commencement and had been on a leave of absence ever since. Miss Bailey improved steadily until, around Christmas, it was thought, that she would soon be able to resume her duties. Christmas, however, she suffered a relapse which ultimately resulted in her death. Miss Bailey received her BS degree in 1899 and two years later her MS degree. She was student assistant in physics, 1898–1999; Fellow, 1899–1900; Tutor, 1900–1901; Instructor, 19021918, and Adjunct Professor, 1918–1920. In 1908, she was awarded a fellowship and studied until 1910 at Johns Hopkins University. Her many friends on the University faculty deeply mourn her death.

1880 Census Records: Denison, Grayson County, TX. Father, Joseph S. Bailey (b. Georgia, 1834-1907); Mother, Julia Bailey (b. TX, 1845-1939); brother John W. (1867–); sisters, Mary L. (1869–), Minnie (1872–); Dora (1875-–; Bonnie (1877–). All of the children were born in Texas so they must have migrated to Texas before 1868. Her father was a druggist and mother kept house. Her parents are buried in Fairmount Cemetery, San Angelo, Texas, Tom Green County.

1900 Census Records: Denton Ward 4, Denton, TX. Father: Joseph S. Bailey (age 65, b. S. Carolina or TN), Farmer, Mother Julia Bailey (age 54, b. Sept 1845, TX.), brother John W. (married, no wife listed, b. June 1867), Mary L. (b. Nov. 1869–), and Bonnie (b. June 1876, married to J. B. German, age 28), Joe F. (19, b. 1880). The children say their father was born in Tennessee, but he says South Carolina.

(Article copyrighted 2010 by Mel Oakes)

Obituary from February 15, 1921, Austin American Statesman:

LULU MARY BAILEY,
MEMBER U.T. FACULTY
DIES AT BONHAM
The Austin Statesman Feb 15, 1921

Miss Lulu Mary Bailey, for twenty years a member of the University of Texas faculty, died at her home in Bonham, Monday, Feb. 13 [1921]. Miss Bailey was adjunct professor of physics, but was on leave of absence for 1920-21 session on account of ill health, following a physical breakdown in the spring of 1920. Funeral services were held today in Bonham.

Lulu Mary Bailey was born at Clarksville, Nov. 14, 1869. She was the daughter of J. M. And Julia A. Bailey, and received her early training in the schools of Whitesboro.

She entered the University from Bonham, and was a student during the session of 1892-93, 1894-95, 1896-1901. While an undergraduate she was president of the Ashbel Literary Society in 1901, editor of the University magazine in 1894-1895, student assistant in physics in 1898-99, fellow in physics 1899-1900, and tutor in physics in 1900. The subject of her M. A. Thesis was “Interferometer Methods.” Miss Bailey received the B. A. Degree in 1899 and the M.A. in 1901.

From 1902 until 1918 Miss Bailey was instructor in physics and made an adjunct professor in 1919. She was very devoted to her classes and to the University of Texas.

Miss Lula Bailey Dead,

(Bonham News, courtesy Debbie Green, Bonham Public Library)

Miss Lula M. Bailey died yesterday afternoon shortly after 2 o‘clock at the home of Mr. and Mrs. W. A. Peters on West 5th street. Her mother Mrs. J. S. Bailey of San Angelo, her sister, Mrs. Peters and a few friends were present when the end came. Her death came at the end of month of severe suffering, but it came peacefully and she went, but as one who goes to sleep. She had been at the home of her sister for several months and had received the tenderest and the most faithful care.

The funeral service was conducted at Mr. Peters home at 4 o’clock this afternoon by Elder F. W. O’Malley of the First Christian Church. The interment took place at the Willow Wild Cemetery.

Miss Bailey was a native of Texas and spent most of her life in the county up to the time she left here to attend the University at Austin. She attended school at *Carlton College and afterwards taught at Bailey and other points. Twenty-four years ago, she went to Austin to attend the State University. After graduating there she took her doctorate degree in Physics(Correction: She earned an MA at Texas but did not work for a PhD, only took classes at U. Chicago and Johns Hopkins.—Mel Oakes)

Hers was an exceptionally bright intellect and her ability attracted the faculty of the University, and she was offered a place in that institution, where she held the position of assistant professor of physics. She was engaged in her work there when her health broke down about a year ago. Her deep interest in the students led her to overwork herself in her efforts to assist many of them in their labors outside her work in the University. She gave them too unsparingly of her time and strength. There are hundreds of former University students scattered over the country who testify to her unselfish labors of love.

For many years she had been a member of the Christian church and she looked forward to her death as a release from her labors here and as a door to a wider field of endeavor in the eternity to come. There are many friends who grieve over her untimely death.

She is survived by her mother, three sisters and two brothers, beside a number of other relatives. The sisters are Mrs. William Leslie of Marble, Oklahoma, Mrs. W. A. Peters of this city, and Mrs. John German of San Angelo. The brothers are Wm. Bailey of Austin and Joe Bailey of Fort Worth.

Active pall bearers at the funeral were: Judge Fenner Leslie, Ben Halsell, Will H. Evans, Sam Lane, Joe Thurmond and Joe E. Lowly(sp); Honorary; Mack Watson, Dr. E. H. H. Foster, Rev. Richard Morgan, Chas. T. Lane, J. C. Sparger and Williard... (From Feb 14, 1921, Bonham newspaper.)

*CARLTON COLLEGE. Carlton College began as a school founded by Charles Carlton in Kentucky Town, Fannin County, in 1866. It was probably the earliest Disciples of Christ school in Texas. It was moved to Bonham in 1867, when a committee acting on behalf of that city expressed interest in Carlton's school as a replacement for the failing Bonham Female Institute. Happy for the opportunity to increase the size of his school and establish a church, Carlton opened the coeducational Bonham Seminary in the institute's former building in September 1867. The school offered a Christian education for primary, preparatory, and collegiate students. Carlton, his second wife Sally, and two of his daughters were the mainstays of the teaching staff throughout the school's tenure in Bonham. Other teachers joined the staff as time and finances allowed. Carlton's son, Charles was the school's vice president from 1875 to 1907. Courses were offered in mathematics and surveying, music, astronomy, physics, botany, chemistry, and geology. Latin, French, English, and two courses in Bible were also offered. No deserving student was ever turned away; tuition was paid in goods and labor or even waived as necessity demanded.

In 1881, the school moved into the Christian Church for one year while a new building was constructed nearby to house the students. By this time, the name Carlton was deemed so important to the school's identity that its name was changed by charter to Carlton College. The early 1880s saw the school achieve an enrollment of more than 200. Thereafter, the establishment of other Christian schools and the public education system may have contributed to the school's decline. In 1887 the school became a female-only institution. An impressive three-story hall was built in 1895, and the school continued its work despite declining enrollments until Carlton's death in 1902. An arsonist set fire to the college in 1910. In 1914 the institution, under the guidance of C. T. Carlton and his wife, merged with Carr-Burdette College and moved to Sherman for two years. In 1916 the Carltons returned to Bonham, but Carlton College never reopened.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: Kenneth M. Hay, The Life and Influence of Charles Carlton, 1821–1902 (Fort Worth: Texas Christian University, 1940).
Deborah K. Kilgore in the Handbook of Texas Online

Lulu Mary Bailey Time Line

1869 Born Clarksville, Texas
1887 Graduates Whiteboro High School
1887 Maybe entered Carlton College and taught in town of Bailey before entering UT
1892-Fall Entered University of Texas at Austin,
Fall Term: French (87B), Analysis (95A), English (88B), Math (90A), Physics (99A), Soph Chemistry (94A)
1993-Winter Term: French (93A), Analysis (100A), English(74C), Math (70C), Physics (97A), Soph Chemistry (90A)
1893-Spring Term: French (92A), Analysis (93A), English (84B), Math (89B), Physics (94A), Soph Chemistry (89A)
1894- Withdrew from University while doing satisfactory work in English3, Chemistry2, French2, Physics2, Ped2, Ped1, Geology1, Chemistry3.
1895-Unknown
1896-Unknown
1897-98-Enrolled at UT: Biology, English, Geology, German, Mathematics, Physics, Political Science, Spanish
1898 Summer School University of Chicago
1898 Student Assistant in Physics, UT-Biology, Botany, Mathematics, Physics, Political Science, Spanish
1899 BS in Physics UT
1899 Summer School University of Chicago, Unclassified Student
1899 Graduate Fellow at UT in Physics
1900 Summer School University of Chicago
1900-01 Enrolled at UT Physics, Mathematics,
1901 MA Physics University of Texas at Austin, Graduate Fellow
1902 Summer School University of Chicago
1902 Instructor in Physics, UT
1903 Summer School University of Chicago
1908 Applied to Johns Hopkins and was admitted. Took leave from UT.
1909 Attended Johns Hopkins
1910 Attended Johns Hopkins
1922 Died in Bonham, Texas.

 

 

Lulu Mary Bailey Photo Album

Lulu Bailey’s parents, J. S. and Julia A. Bailey, are buried in Fairmount Cemetery, San Angelo, Texas, Tom Green County.
Lulu Mary Bailey, 1895 Cactus Yearbook, University of Texas

While Lulu Bailey is listed as a member of the Class of 1896 in this Cactus yearbook and not with the list of 1895 class, it is extremely likely she is on the left end of the second row from the front. Evidence for this: There are eight women listed in the class, but there are nine women in this picture. Lulu got her degree in 1899, rather that 1896, she withdrew sometime between 1894-95 for unknown reason. Finally the woman looks very much like the Lulu Mary Bailey who appears in the other photos on this page. I believe the man to Lulu's left is Bernard Mackensen.

Lulu Mary Bailey, 1898 Cactus Yearbook, University of Texas
Woman in circle mask in center near the bottom, maybe four strand necklace.
Lulu Mary Bailey, 1903 Cactus Yearbook, University of Texas
Front Row Sitting on Step Far Left
1904 Cactus
Bottom Row: L to R, Lulu Mary Bailey, (Physics), Conrad Louis Benoni Shuddemagen, (Physics)
Second Row: middle, William Tyler Mather, Chair, (Physics)
Fourth Row: far right, John Matthias Kuehne, (Physics)
Top Row: far left, C. T. Dowell, Chemistry.
Lulu Mary Bailey’s entry at U. of Chicago 1901 (Error in Middle Name)
Lulu Mary Bailey’s MA Thesis, Interferometer Methods
1901, University of Texas
Lulu Mary Bailey's signature.
Lulu Mary Bailey's MA Committee
W. T. Mather, H. Y. Benedict, C. D. Rice
H. Y. Benedict
Charles D. Rice
T. U. Taylor
Lulu Mary Bailey, Announcement in Johns Hopkins Report 1909
Lulu Mary Bailey, Announcement in Johns Hopkins Report 1910
Application document courtesy Ferdinand Hamburger Archives of the Johns Hopkins University
Application document courtesy Ferdinand Hamburger Archives of the Johns Hopkins University.
Pages from 1909 President Report of Johns Hopkins University
Pages from 1909 President Report of Johns Hopkins University
Note that Lulu Bailey and Preston H. Edwards are in this seminar. Edwards is recruited from India to teach in Physics at UT in 1921 when Lulu Bailey becomes ill. Clearly she suggested him.
Lulu Bailey, Johns Hopkins, Laboratory Work
Lulu Mary Bailey President of Ashbel Literary Society, 1901
Ashbel Literary Society,
Lulu Mary Bailey President, 1901
Lulu is in front row, 4th from left.
Lulu Mary Bailey, front right sitting, William Tyler Mather, center back with beard.
1912 Cactus Photo, Lulu Mary Bailey, front right sitting, William Tyler Mather, center back with beard and bowtie. (photo courtesy of Dolph Brisco Center for American History)
First Universty Women's Club, Lulu M. Bailey, 6th row from the bottom.
First Universty Women's Club, Lulu M. Bailey, page 2
First Universty Women's Club, page 3
Phi Beta Kappa, Lulu Bailey was vice-president.
Death of Lulu Bailey's mother, Julia.
Death of Lulu Bailey's mother, Julia.
Mary Lulu Bailey(sp), Transcript from University of Chicago,
Years 1898, 1899, 1900, 1902 and 1903
(Educational Privacy Act does not extend to deceased students. Seventy-five years following graduation it is presumed student is deceased. Lulu Mary Bailey died 1921.)
Lulu Bailey’s nephew, her brother John’s son. Above is his request for a passport. Object of the trip is YMCA Service in Poland and visits to various other countries. Lulu’s brother John was in Austin at this time, 1920. Lulu became ill in 1920 and died in early 1921 so John was probably taking care of her until she had to be moved to Bonham and the home of her sister.

Bailey, John William, Jr. (b. April 20, 1894) — also known as John W. Bailey, Jr. — Born in Bonham, Fannin County, Texas. In June 1917, he was a student who was employed at a federal government training camp. He served in the U.S. Army during World War I. From Oct 1918 to Aug 1919 and Aug 1920 to Feb 1921 he was in Europe serving A.F. In March of 1921, he received a passport to spend two years in Mexico on commercial business. He departed from Laredo. His current residence was Austin where he was a rancher. His father was in Austin also. His other assignments include: U.S. Vice Consul in Geneva, 1924-26; Lausanne, 1925; Loanda, 1926–1929; Prague, 1929; U.S. Consul in Prague, 1929–1932. In 1925, he was at the Deptartment of State in Washington, DC. There is no indication that he married.
John Bailey Passport Application p. 2
John Bailey Passport Application p. 3
John Bailey Passport Application p. 4
John
John Bailey's passport application p. 5
Mary Lulu Bailey’s sister Minnie, married William Thomas Leslie in 1891.
(Sept 13, 1871-Dec 17, 1926)
Mary Lulu Bailey’s sister Dora (July 1874-Dec 26, 1928, Tom Green County, TX), married William A. Peters(1864-1933), in about 1894
Mrs. J. S. Bailey is Lulu Bailey’s mother. Article from The Wellington Leader, October 10, 1935, Wellington, Texas.
Mrs. W. D. Bailey is Lulu Bailey’s mother’s sister. Article from The Wellington Leader, January 21, 1937, Wellington, Texas.
Lulu Bailey’s sister’s husband.. Article from The Bonham Daily Favorite, June 17, 1933. Bonham, Texas.