Co-Education in the University
"The statute under which the University was organized states that ‘it shall be open to all persons in the State who may wish to avail themselves of its advantages, and to male and female on equal terms.’ In compliance with the spirit of this act of the Legislature, no provision for the instruction of young women apart from young men has been made. The two sexes are taught the same subjects by the same professors at the same time, and the requirements for admission are equally rigorous. In no respects are the young women considered as constituting a separate department of the University, or a separable annex whose connection is fortuitous and experimental, and no distinction between them and the young men, either in discipline or instruction, is recognized. No restrictions other than those prevailing in good society are placed upon the sexes with reference to their association with each other. It is proper, however, to call attention to the fact that this institution is not a ‘young ladies’ seminary.’ Only earnest young women, imbued with a desire to profit by the methods of advanced education, by such instruction as was but recently confined to young men, should attend an institution where co-education is practiced as it is in this and other higher institutions of learning, open to males and females on equal terms.
"But young women, in order to have equal advantages with young men, are entitled to the presence in the faculty of a lady of culture and refinement, whose example and precept will exercise the same restraining influence that young women in good society are subjected to. They are also entitled to have someone in the faculty who can see that they have proper boarding houses and comfortable rooms; who can visit them when they are sick and see that they are properly nursed and cared for. The regents, in the appointment of Mrs. Kirby as lady assistant, have fully met all such reasonable expectations. Young women can enter this University with the full assurance that they will receive the benefits of its instruction on equal terms with young men."— University Catalogue. (Quoted by J. J. Lane in his History of the University of Texas, Based On Facts and Records–1891).
In the early formulation of admission requirements, the decision was made to admit men 16 years of age or older, however, women would have to be older, 17 or 18. When Governor John Ireland heard of this discussion, he requested a meeting with UT officials. In the meeting, he made is clear that UT could set the entrance age at any level they wish, but under no circumstances could there be a difference between men and women—and so it was. The first woman graduate of the University was Miss Jessie Andrews in 1886. She became an instructor in German.
From the founding of the University of Texas, there have been many women associated with the Physics Department. Lulu Mary Bailey received her BS in 1899 and an MA in 1901. Following a summer at the University of Chicago, she was appointed Tutor in the UT Physics Department, one of two tutors. The other was John M. Kuehne. After a two year study at Johns Hopkins she was made Instructor in 1911, though without vote. She later was made a full voting member. For more details about Lulu Mary Bailey. As you will see below, many women were student assistants and obtained masters degrees. Sadly, the opportunities were apparently few, as many pursued high school teaching or worked in the home. It is clear that the department relied heavily on women physics majors for 40 years to help with labs, exams, grading and research. However, between the death of Adjunct Professor Lulu Bailey in 1921 and the appointment of Assistant Professor Linda Reichl in 1973 there is a span of 52 years! A Texas-size drought that we are still recovering from.
From what I have been able to determine, the first woman from UT to pursue a PhD was Sister Michael Edward O’Byrne, an Irish nun. She received it in 1932 from Catholic University, following her MA at Texas in 1926. The second woman from UT to pursue a PhD was Emma Agnes Townsend. In 1925, the department chair, S. Leroy Brown told the Daily Texan that their were six students pursuing their PhD. Emma Agnes Townsend was one of them. She married fellow physics student, Charles Frederick Wiebusch, and he took a job with Bell Telephone which required her to move to New Jersey. She finally did receive the PhD in 1936 from Columbia, following her AB and MA degrees at Texas. She attended the University of Chicago briefly after her MA at Texas. The first woman to receive a PhD in physics from Texas is Janice Sears Bloom Fain. She received the PhD in 1956 for a dissertation entitled, Complete [pi]-electron Treatment of the Butadiene Molecule and Ion.
The earliest PhD by a woman from the South appears to be Elizabeth Reames. She earned a PhD from Tulane in 1913 and taught there as instructor and assistant professor until 1954. Her research was in the botany area. As a student, Elizabeth was active in basketball, as shown in picture at right. She is back row, second from left, 1905.
The following comment written by Nina Byers, Dec. 1999, provides background that is helpful as we examine the UT women physics students and their accomplishments:
“In the middle of the nineteenth century in the United States, coeducational colleges and universities were opened. The first of these was Oberlin College in 1837; then others followed: Antioch College in 1852, the Normal School at the University of Wisconsin in 1860, the University of Wisconsin in 1866, Boston University in 1869, the University of Michigan in 1870, Cornell University (Sage College) in 1874, the University of Chicago in 1890. The number of women in coeducational colleges and universities increased from 3,044 in 1875 to 19,959 in 1900. Many of these were studying in state universities.
“Then the reaction to coeducation set in. The University of Wisconsin, the University of Chicago and others decided to segregate the student body and establish separate classes and curricula though the success of coeducation was widely accepted. Indeed, President Van Hise of University of Wisconsin admitted that the ‘immediate success of coeducation in the older of the state universities of the Middle West caused its establishment as a matter of course in the newer.’ Specific reasons given for segregating the women were (i) the rapid increase of women at the universities (general feminization was feared), (ii) election of certain courses to such an extent as to effect the flight of men from same, (iii) objection of men students to the attendance of women, and (iv) the need for a peculiar education for a woman. Reason (iii) was more theoretical in nature.
“In 1902, President William Rainey Harper was able to arrange for segregation of women students in the University of Chicago against the expressed majority vote of the congregation, alumnae, and faculty. President Thompson of Ohio State University viewed this with good humor and said, ’The Chicago boys that desire to be vaccinated so they cannot take the girls, or to be educated in quarantine, will not be disturbed by the rest of the world. On the other hand, if there are boys who are not afraid of being feminized and who have the necessary courage, let us by all means retain institutions where they may face ruin at the hands of the weaker sex. ... The girls have been taking too many prizes in the college classes, and we are told that the boys conscious of their ultimate superiority feel discouraged over the condition in the first few years of the contest.
“Nevertheless President Harper was in favor of admitting women to graduate studies and appointing them to the faculty saying in 1901, ‘the women now being graduated, with doctor's degrees, from our strongest institutions are, in almost every particular, as able and strong as the men. If opportunity were offered, these women would show that they possess the qualifications demanded.’ Harper further commented it was perfectly evident to him that prejudice, and not women's incompetence, was the reason for failure to offer them appointments.’"
1892 Lulu Mary Bailey enrolled following graduation from Whitesboro, Texas High School.
1897–98 Women statistics published in UT Bulletin. See list at right.
1899 Following receipt of their BS degrees in June, the regents appoint J. M. Kuehne, Fellow in Physics, $500/annum, and Lulu M. Bailey, Assistant in Physics, $350/annum, both to begin Sept. 15, 1899.
1900 Lulu Mary Bailey wrote report from School of Physics, published in UT Bulletin. Previous reports were written by Professor W. T. Mather. This is an important responsibility.
1901 Masters of Arts degree was awarded to Lula M. Bailey, thesis: Interferometer Methods.
1908 Lulu M. Bailey is approved for leave of absence of two years at Johns Hopkins. (See excerpt from Johns Hopkins University Preliminary Registrar.) Lulu is 39 and wrote on her application, “It is my purpose to [take] some graduate work in Physics.” There is no indication of any intention to earn a degree.
1911 In Physics, Instructor Lulu Bailey has returned from her leave of absence of two years at John Hopkins, making two instructors this year instead of one.
1914 Women Appointments: Instructor: Lulu M. Bailey ($1500), Lizzie G. Blasdell ($120)
1916 Lulu M. Bailey appointed acting Assistant Dean of Women Students without pay increase.
1916 Maud Alice Barnes, a chemistry student assistant, founded the General Science Club. The purpose was, “ To promote the spirit of scientific research among women.” She tragically died the next year, her senior year, from an attack of appendicitis.
1918 Thelma Wright and Helena Bowers Von Koenneritz were student assistants in physics. Both were members of Pierian Literary Society and are included in 1918 picture at right.
Thelma Wright (1898–1983), later married Merritt Tryon Lawrence, an EE major, (picture from 1919 Cactus).
In 1919, she was manager of the University Coop. In 1920 Census, she and her husband were living with his parents on 10th Street in Austin. She was listed as a physics teacher and he was an electrical engineer and was in school. In the 1930 Census, they were in Grand Rapids, MI, where he was an engineer. She was raising their two daughters, Patricia and Thelma, and was not working outside the home.
1920 Helena Bowers Von Koenneritz earned an MA, Relational Between the Maximum Diffraction Angle and the Radius of Curvature of the Diffracting Edge. In 1922, Helena earned a Master of Journalism from UT. In above photo we see Thelma Wright (bottom row, second from left and Helena Von Koenneritz, bottom row, third from right). Helena is also shown at right.
1921 Adjunct Professor Lulu M. Bailey died in February. (From Johns Hopkins Alumni Magazine, Vol 10, Nov., 1921.) UT Board of Regents express high appreciation for her service and regret at her death.
Summer appointments included Zenobia Blanche Bennett (Hemphill, TX, picture from 1921 Cactus), tutor in physics, 1922 Phi Beta Kappa Member.
1924 Emma Agnes Townsend (March 27, 1902–November 4, 1995, d. Sarasota, FL) earned an MA with thesis entitled, A Study of Residual Inductances of Resistance Coils. (AB, MA Texas, PhD Columbia, 1936). She was born in 1902, to Jesse and Emma A. Townsend of Albany, NY. Jesse was a railroad machinist born in Arkansas. Photo at right in 1958, Rutgers associate professor of physics.
Photo at right in 1958, instructor at New Jersey College (later Rutgers). At New Jersey College, women were appointed to the faculty from the time the college opened in 1918. However, women joined the Physics Department at NJC, first as assistants (Dorothy Dodd and Gladis Francis, 1928). In 1930, Dorothy Dodd became an instructor. In 1943, Katherine Van Horn was appointed assistant professor. Lecturer, Emma Townsend, arrived in 1949, later becoming an associate professor in 1953. The only women with PhDs to be appointed to the Physics Department at NJC./Douglass were Ellen Stewart (assistant professor, 1946), Emma Townsend (lecturer, 1949), and Sophie Bargman and Mary Wheeler (lecturers, 1959). Mary Wheeler had received her PhD at Yale in 1932 for research with Louis McKeehan. She then went to Vassar College where she was an instructor and assistant professor, until she moved to Chicago in 1942 with her husband, Eugene Wigner. No woman ever became professor of physics at NJC/Douglass College.
Emma is shown at right, seated on front row.
(photos: Special Collections and University Archives, Rutgers University Libraries).
Above is group picture of the Newman Club in 1921, Emma is second from right on front row. She married Charles Frederick Wiebusch (1903–99) from Riesel in 1925 or 1926. He was a tutor in the physics department and graduated in 1924. His picture from 1924 Cactus is at right. He was a very successful research engineer at Bell Telephone. Emma and Charles established endowments in UT College of Engineering.
More about Emma Agnes and Charles
1926 Sister Michael Edward O'Byrne (1893–1976) earned an MA with a thesis entitled, An experimental test of the reciprocity law in photography over a wide range of continuous and intermittent exposures. Sister O'Byrne later earned a PhD at the Catholic University of America in 1932. She was the first UT woman graduate to earn a PhD. Her dissertation title was: Combination frequencies and infra-red absorption spectra of certain alkaloids. The work was published in J. Opt. Soc. Am. 23, 92-94, (1933). She was head of the science department at Incarnate Word College in San Antonio, TX. She was responsible for raising the $500,000 for a new science building. The three-story structure was dedicated on December 14, 1950, by Francis Cardinal Spellman of New York. For more about Sister Michael
Mary O'Byrne was born May 10, 1893, in Ballycreen Park, Aughrim, County Wicklow, Ireland, to Michael O’Byrne and Mary Ann Merrigan. On September 10, 1909, Mary arrived in Galveston, Texas aboard the ship, Irak. The picture at right shows Mary in Ballycreen, at left, with a relative in 1909. (Picture courtesy of Eugene O’Byrne, Mary’s nephew.) The ship had departed Liverpool, England on August 20, 1909. She was listed as Mary O'Byrne in the manifest. Her last permanent residence was listed as Ballyerne(sp), Ireland, and her father was listed as Michael O'Byrne. The only passengers are 33 novices, ranging in ages from 15 to 30 and two Sisters, ages 39 and 36, who were Irish, but now lived in San Antonio. The Irish-built steamer, was later renamed Mandasor, then Begia, and finally SS Huntstrick. The ship was later sunk south of the Strait of Gibraltar in 1917 by the German submarine, U-39.
On September 11, one day after arriving in Galveston, Mary entered Incarnate Word Academy, San Antonino. The academy had primarily Irish and German Novices. (Information above researched by Mel Oakes and Frances Cronin.)
Eugene O’Byrne has written a beautiful, illustrated account of Mary and her family, Click here for write-up.
The details of her next years were generously provided by Eva M. Sankey, Director, Archives and Records Management of University of Incarnate Word, San Antonio, TX.
1910, August 15 Investiture
1911, August 15 First Profession
1911–1912, Sacred Heart Cathedral School/Immaculate Conception School, San Angelo, TX
1912–1914, All Saints Academy, Ft. Worth, TX
1914–1915, Mt. Carmel Academy, Ft. Worth, TX
1915–1916, St. Michael's School, Cuero, TX
1916–1918, Holy Angels Academy (Treasurer), Boerne, TX
1916, August 15 Final Profession
1918, Holy Rosary School, Hartshorne, OK
1919, College and Academy of the Incarnate Word
1923, May 5 Granted U. S. Citzenship ( San Antonio newspaper—Mel Oakes)
1926, Masters in Physics from the University of Texas at Austin
1928–32, Catholic University of America-PhD
1932–1955, U. Incarnate Word/IWC Chemistry and Physics Instructor
1935, Elected as a "Fellow" of the Texas Academy of Science
1940, Attended summer session at St. Louis University
1944–1950, Conducted cancer research in collaboration with Institution Divi Thomae of Cincinnati, Ohio
1955–1958, St. Ann's School
1958–1960, Marillac College, St. Louis, MO, Science Department
1960–1965, Incarnate Word Convent/Motherhouse/Brackenridge Villa
1965–1976, St. Joseph's Convent
1976, June 14, Passed away at St. Joseph's Convent, San Antonio, TX, buried in Incarnate Word College Cemetery, Row DD, No 4.
A testimonial to Sister O’Byrne came from Constance J. Jones, Commander USN (Ret.), who had a teaching career in mathematics and chemistry. She also worked as a pharmaceutical chemist, and did pioneering work in the development of radar systems at the Boston Navy Yard Radar Laboratories during WWII. Commander Jones was born January 24, 1922 in Jefferson City, Missouri to Thomas Griffith Jones and Miriam Jauchler Jones. She loved to tell the story that, at that time, her father was at the prison—as an auditor. She also proudly declared that she had the advantage of having a father from San Antonio, and a mother from New Orleans. The family moved back to San Antonio, where she graduated from Jefferson High School. She was a member of "The Lassos," the school's Western-style drill team. She traveled with her sister Lassos to New York in 1939, to perform at the World's Fair. She distinguished herself early on at what was then Incarnate Word College for her excellence in studying mathematics and chemistry, encouraged by the woman she called her "great friend and mentor," Sister Michael Edward O'Byrne. In a letter to Dick McCracken at the University of the Incarnate Word, she wrote: "In my day, the science facilities were not, as we might say today, 'on the cutting edge of technology,' but the dedication and inspiration of Sister Michael Edward and her peers certainly were. And it was infectious." After graduating with her BS in 1943, Connie entered a special training program for Navy radar researchers, studying for five months at Harvard and four months at MIT, and received her commission as a lieutenant, junior grade. She worked through the end of the war developing radar systems that were applied along the east coast to detect enemy submarines, and for radar guided missile systems for the possible invasion of Japan. Constance later earned a master;s and taught mathematics at the University of Texas at Austin.
1929 Hattie Francis Savage earned MA, thesis title, Diffraction of Sound by a Grating of Variable Interval. The thesis was supervised by Professor Arnold Romberg. She earned her BA in 1923 and was listed as a resident of San Antonio. She was Phi Beta Kappa in 1926. In 1920, she was teaching science in Ballinger, TX. Her salary was $1125/yr and she had two years of college training at UT. In 1922, she was teaching school in Yoakum, TX. She may have been born Taylor, Texas, in 1898. In 1930, she may have been a teacher in El Paso.
1930 Loraine Decherd (1908–1988) MA, thesis title, A Temperature Standard in the Form of a Fixed Point Resistance Thermometer Including Its Own Bridge. The thesis was supervised by Professor Arnold Romberg. Others on the committee were S. Leroy Brown from physics and H. J. Ettlinger from pure mathematics. A high quality photograph of her thermometer is in the thesis, indicating her interest in photography.
Loraine was born in Texas in 1908, to George M. and Martha L. Decherd. Her father was a physician in Austin. She had an older brother, George M. Decherd Jr., who was director of the University of Texas Health Center (shown at left with Loraine). He died in 1951 shortly before the new center, which he planned, was opened. Loraine entered the University of Texas in 1926. She was active in the Ashbel Literary Society and was a member of Gamma Phi Beta Sorority. Loraine confided to her daughter that despite her preference for chemistry, she chose to study physics. She taught photography later in her career. Presumably she obtained her BA in 1929. Her MA thesis in 1930 was under the supervision of Professor Romberg. She is known to be in graduate school in Austin in 1933, since, during that year she met Dudley Williams, who became her husband in 1937. Following completion of her master’s, Loraine taught at Texas Women’s College. At some point, she taught in high school; however, her daughter reports that she was unhappy with the experience.
In 1939, Loraine published an article in the J. American Chemical Society entitled, Oscillations of Nitrates. Her co-author was her husband, Dudley Williams. At the time, they were at the University of Florida. Williams, with George Shortley, later published a widely-used freshman physics text. UT Professor Walter Millett had a number of publications with Williams. Presumably Williams and Millett became acquainted during the war years at the MIT Radar Lab. Loraine and Dudley are shown at right.
Loraine’s daughter Harriet says “Mom always loved photography and maintained that interest throughout her life.” This, no doubt, was initiated by her contact with Professor Kuehne and his photography course. The flower photo below is one of her studies.
1931 Bertha Lee Parker, MA, thesis title, The Effect of Intermittency in Photographic Exposures. She was from Tucumcari, New Mexico and had an older sister who graduated in chemistry and later earned a PhD in chemistry at UT in 1935. Their parents were Sanders Ewell and Myrtle Evelyn Pegram Parker. Sanders was born in Texas about 1881.
TUCUMCARI, N.M. - Bertha Lee Parker, 93, died Sunday, July 21, 2002, in Canyon, Texas.
Services will be at 2 p.m. Wednesday in Dunn Funeral Home Memorial Chapel with the Rev. Jim Witcher, minister of First Christian Church of Tucumcari, officiating. Burial will be in Tucumcari Memorial Park Cemetery.
Daughter of a pioneer ranching family, Ms. Parker was born Nov. 28, 1908, on a ranch in Quay County, to Sanders Ewell and Myrtle Peggram Parker. She began her formal education at age 5, riding to a one-room school on a horse behind her older sister, Ivy (1907–85). The girls and younger brothers lived with their grandmother in Tucumcari to complete elementary school and in Canyon to attend high school.
She studied home economics at West Texas State University where she earned her bachelor's degree and graduated from University of Texas at Austin with a master's degree in physics. She taught one year at Farwell, Texas and one year at Porter, Texas. She taught at Tucumcari High School for 40 consecutive years. For most of those years, she was student council sponsor and ticket taker at all sports events and tutor and counselor to any student having difficulty.
She walked to work twice a day. In her 70s, she was called back to teach calculus for a semester. During summers, she took university courses, cooked for brother Otis' hired hands in Texas, cared for sick relatives and traveled worldwide with sister, Ivy. The sisters retired to Austin in 1973, spending several months each year in Tucumcari and traveling. They later moved to Palo Duro Village in Canyon.
She was a lifetime member of American Association of University Women and a member of Delta Kappa Gamma. She was active in First Christian churches of Tucumcari and Canyon, and University Christian Church in Austin. She was preceded in death by her parents; her sister, Dr. Ivy M. Parker; and three brothers, J. Otis Parker, Ira Parker and D. Roy Parker.
Survivors include a brother, Aaron S. Parker; nine nieces and nephews; many great-nieces and great-nephews; and hundreds of appreciative, mathematically-competent former students.
Amarillo Globe-News, July 23,2002
1931 Marian Oldfather Boner, Mrs, (1909–1983). MA, thesis entitled, A Study of the Distortion Produced by Non-linear Vacuum Tubes.
Marian O. Boner, first director of the Texas State Law Library and authority on Texas legal history, was born in Cleburne, Texas, on June 25, 1909, the daughter of Henry and Berta Oldfather. She received her BA (1930) and MA (1931) in physics from the University of Texas. While at the university, she was a member of Phi Beta Kappa, Sigma Xi, and Kappa Beta Pi. She dedicated herself for many years to raising her family before deciding to return to the university and begin a second career. In 1955, she was awarded her LLB with honors by the university law school and was admitted to the State Bar of Texas. In law school, she was a member of the Texas Law Review, graduated second in her class, and was awarded the Order of the Coif, the highest honor that can be earned by a law student in the United States. After graduation from law school, Mrs. Boner worked for Judge Robert Stayton before becoming reference librarian and assistant professor at Tarlton Law Library at UT, a position she held from 1960 to 1965. She was promoted to associate librarian and assistant professor in 1965, and to associate professor of law in 1968. At the university, she taught courses in legal research and writing. In recommending her for promotion to associate professorship, W. Page Keeton, dean of the University of Texas School of Law, stated, "As a scholar she has established herself quantitatively and qualitatively. Her article on the doctrine of Erie v. Tompkins [Texas Law Review, 40 (1960)], a jurisprudential issue of monumental proportions, is regarded as definitive." Among her other publications, her book A Reference Guide to Texas Law and Legal History is also a definitive legal reference source.
In 1972, Mrs. Boner was appointed first director of the Texas State Law Library; she served until her retirement in 1981. She was a member of the State Bar of Texas and served on the Committee on Legal Publications and the Committee on the History and Traditions of the State Bar. She was president of the Southwest Association of Law Libraries in 1969–70, secretary to the national organization of the American Association of Law Libraries from 1970 to 1973, and president of that association in 1974–75. She was a member of All Saints Episcopal Church. She married Charles Paul Boner on September 9, 1930. They had three sons. Marian Boner died in Austin on April 2, 1983. (Written by Roy M. Mersky, "BONER, MARIAN OLDFATHER," Handbook of Texas Online)
1934 Nellie May Bounds, MA, thesis title, Composition of Damped Vibrations. 1930 and 1940 censuses have Nellie May Bounds in Parker County, TX, teaching in public schools.
Nellie was born in Purdy, Missouri, March 3, 1903 to Sterling J. and Joanne Ferguson Bounds. She, Sterling and Joanne are seen with some of Nellie's siblings in the 1899 photo from Purdy, MO. The children are: front row: Nannie Bounds 4, Sterling William 6. second row: Delmar Jackson 1, Orrin Davis 8, Howell Smith 9 In 1908, the Bounds family moved three miles north of Weatherford, Texas, on the Springtown Highway in Parker County. In 1928, she sailed from Galveston-Havana to New York on the SS Shawnee. Her residence was Weatherford, TX.
Nell earned a master's degree in physics at the University of Texas and taught math and physics for over 50 years. Most of her career was spent at Weatherford High School, broken by brief stints at Hardin-Simmons and Midwestern universities. She taught for a time at Aledo High School before retiring with 40 years' service in Texas public schools. She then went to Germany and taught 10 more years in schools for U.S. military dependents. Miss Bounds traveled extensively, visiting all parts ofthe world.
Here is a biography written by Barbara Bounds Selby on March 3, 2010."Today, March 3, 2010, is the 107th birthday of NELL BOUNDS. An incredible woman whose life spanned the 20th Century. She had no children of her own but spent a lifetime teaching children. She was the 3rd generation of the Ferguson/Bounds family to have the name NELL. She would often say, with a grin that the family also had a mule named “Nell” and wondered what that had to say about her!
“Aunt Nell” was born in Purdy, Missouri, the 7th of 9 children, and was four years old when the Bounds family moved by train to Weatherford, TX, bringing all their possessions, cattle, horses, dogs and children to start a “new life”. Nell’s job on the move was to help with the new baby, one year old, Roy David. The Bounds family gave a part of their new land three miles north of Weatherford to build a schoolhouse and helped to hire a teacher. Nell was in the first class! Nell graduated from Weatherford High School at age 16 and set off to the University of Texas with one trunk carrying all her possessions. She graduated with honors, with mathematics as her major and began teaching at age 19. After “saving her money” she moved to New York City and obtained a master’s degree in mathematics from Columbia University in the 1930’s! She was thought to be such a risk-taker to go to New York City alone!
After many years of teaching in Weatherford High School she accepted a position as physics professor at the university level. Following retirement from the university system she moved to Kaiserslautern, Germany and taught mathematics for the children of US Armed Forces for 15 years. She was a world traveler having visited every continent except Antarctica. Yet she was never “too busy” to teach us how to play dominoes or bridge and could make the best peanut brittle, apple pies, and chocolate-covered marshmallows that anyone could want.
Aunt Nell had an incredible mind and managed her meager earnings as a teacher in such a way that she never accepted Social Security, or government assistance in any way and left a sizable estate, which, in her will she distributed to her nieces and nephews.
A life-long member of the Presbyterian Church, Aunt Nell died in in Fort Worth, TX, September 4, 1997, at age 94 and is interred in the Bounds family plot in Weatherford, TX."
For more about Nellie May Bounds click her name.
1934 Mabel Williams MA, thesis title, The Photographic Registration of a Variable Quantity. She was from Pittsburg, TX, and was supervised by Romberg and Colby.
1935 Anamary Davis, MA, thesis title, An Integrating Isolation Meter. Obituary, Anamary Davis Maxey, a longtime Austin resident, died peacefully at home on February 3, 2006. She was born in Alvin, Texas on April 6, 1911, the sixth child of Eva Wilhelmina Caterina Gosch Davis (Minnie) and Watkin Edwin Davis (Watt). The lifestyle in Alvin in the early 190’s was much simpler than it is today. The wood stove was always hot and they had an “ice box” where large chunks of ice were delivered to keep the food cold. Water had to be “bucketed” from the well to the house, and baths were always taken in the kitchen after the water was heated on the stove.
In 1917, Anamary attended the Alvin public school that had all grades in one 12-room building. She enrolled in Rice University following graduation but dropped out due to illness. In 1929, she entered UT. She lived in the Littlefield Dormitory for her first three years at UT. During her second year, she was the Vice President of the House Council that governed the dormitory (second from right in picture below left). She also was Vice-President of the Sophomore Class.
Anamary then moved to the Woman’s Building where she was the Assistant Dorm “Mama”. She received free room-and-board there and also worked in the Physics Department where she made $15 per month—big money at that time. During this same period, Anamary met her future husband, Ed Maxey, a member of the UT football and basketball teams. While at UT she joined the Chi Omega sorority and met several girls who became lifelong friends. She was a member of a freshman group called Spooks.
As a sophomore, she was tapped into the Orange Jackets (left end of top row, picture at right), an honorary service organization. In her senior year, she was elected to Mortar Board, Cap and Gown, and president of Chi Omega. Anamary obtained her bachelor’s in 1933 and her master’s in physics in 1935.
After graduation from UT, she returned to Alvin to teach physics, chemistry and history in a brand new high school. Anamary and Ed were married in Alvin on July 26, 1936 and settled in Austin following their honeymoon. As loyal UT fans, they attended football, basketball and baseball games on a regular basis. They were season ticket holders in all three sports for over 50 years. They created a church home at the First Baptist Church. The Maxey’s actively participated in worship, prayer and fellowship. Anamary served as secretary for the Sunday Schools for many years. In 1953, Ed and Anamary started Maxey Glass Company, a labor of love for both of them for the next 35 years. In the 1970s they began to take trips with friends and family that led them from Germany to Hawaii and to areas around the continental United States. As her work at the glass company slowed down, Anamary started a “budding” career as an artist. She painted at least 20 scenic landscapes. In 1986 Anamary and Ed celebrated their golden wedding anniversary. Family and friends gathered for an afternoon of celebration at the Westwood Country Club, hosted by their children. On September 6, 1989, Anamary had a brain stem stroke. After Ed’s death on August 12, 1992, she nurtured her keen interest in learning through Lifetime Learning classes that included astronomy, Austin history and Great Books discussion. A favorite was “Sports Talk” with Dr. Bob Miller. She was blessed with devoted caregivers. Her quality of life was kept on a high note, due to the wonderful and loving care she received from Sherry Henderson, Amy Mudd and Joyce Long. The family thanks Dr. Steven Booton and her other physicians for their excellent care and attention, and Betty and John Stokes for their friendship over the years. Anamary is survived by her daughter and son-in-law, Mariann and David Hadden of San Antonio, daughter and son-in-law, Eva Gayle and George Gibbs of Austin, daughter Becky Shelton of Austin, and son Ed Maxey of Georgetown; her grandchildren, Grant Shelton and wife Laura of Austin, Natalie Seymour and husband Darren of La Grange, Pamela Magee and husband David of Scotch Plains, New Jersey, Katherine Lewis and husband Scott of Dallas, and Philip Gibbs of New York City; and great-grandchildren, Ashley and McKenzie Shelton, Jace and Jenna Seymour, Kyle, Lindsey and Amanda Magee, and Will and George Lewis. Visitation will begin at 10:00 a.m. and services at 11:00 a.m. on Wednesday, February 8th at Weed-Corley-Fish Funeral Home with Rev. Doug Keenan and Rev. Don Searles officiating. Burial will follow at Austin Memorial Park. Pallbearers will be Grant Shelton, Philip Gibbs, George Gibbs, David Hadden, Archie Stewart McNeill, Darren Seymour and John Stokes. Honorary pallbearers are Milton Moffett, David Magee, Scott Lewis, Davis McNeill, Julia Ann Moffett, and Josephine Fletcher. The family asks in lieu of flowers, contributions be made to either the First Baptist Church or to a charity of your choice.
(Thanks to Eva Gayle Maxey Gibbs, daughter of Anamary Davis, for documents and information.–Mel Oakes)
1935 Mary Alice Noonan, MA, thesis title, A Study of the Production of Sound in a Room by a Loud Speaker. 1920 Census had a Mary A. Noonan in San Antonio, TX. She was a public school teacher and was a boarder. She was born 1897 or 1898 in Alice, Texas. Her father was listed as a painter.
1936 Caroline McCulloch Mitchell, (1914–99) BA 1935, MA, thesis title, Residual Inductance in Resistance Coils Used in Alternating Current Bridge Circuits. She was born February 3, 1914, in College Station. Her parents were John W. and Stella Mitchell. He was a mathematics professor at the Agricultural & Mechanical College of Texas. While at the University of Texas she was a member of Phi Beta Kappa and the Light Opera Company. She worked in the A&M Math Department from 7/12/1943–5/31/1944, and then she served as Associate Director of Admissions, Recorder (took the Minutes) of the Academic Council, and Editor of the Texas A&M Undergraduate and Graduate Catalogs, She built the Schedule of Classes and assigned all classroom space for the University. (This was done by hand at the time.) She was employed by A&M from 3/1/1945–8/31/1981. She was an active member of the A&M Presbyterian Church. She died February 9, 1999 in College Station. (Career Information provided by Don Carter & Cindy Smith, Registrar Office, Texas A&M University.)
1940 Marie Lovelace Allen (b. 1891–) MA, thesis title, The Temperature Coefficient of Frequency of Flue Pipes.
1947 Mary Gowen Foulks, (b. 1923–) MA, thesis title, Critical Values of Impedances in Electrical Networks.
1950 Betsy Rawls graduates with a degree in physics. She made Phi Beta Kappa. While Texas did not have organized intercollegiate athletics for women at that time, this physics major went out on her own to play golf. She worked with the legendary Harvey Penick and in 1949, captured the Texas Amateur Championship only four years after picking up a club for the first time.
Rawls, who won 55 LPGA titles in her career, also was a member of the LPGA Hall of Fame's Inaugural Class, the Texas State Golf Hall of Fame and the World Golf Hall of Fame. Betsy was born Elizabeth Earle Rawls in Spartanburg, SC on May 4, 1928. For more about Betsy Rawls.
1951 Mary Juanita Hill Gammel, (b. 1925–) MA, thesis title, Temperature Calibration of X-ray Diffraction Camera Furnace Using Polymorphic Crystals.
1953 Leona Miller Stewart, (b. April 30, 1918–May 29, 2007) MA, thesis title, Determination of the Neutron Spectrum and Absolute Yield of a Plutonium-beryllium Source. Leona worked at Los Alamos where she published many papers in neutron physics.
1956 Janice Sears Bloom Fain, (b. 1927 in Hot Springs, AR) PhD, thesis title, Complete [pi]-electron Treatment of the Butadiene Molecule and Ion.
Janice Sears Bloom was born in 1927, in Hot Springs, AK, to Landes A. and Beatrice Bloom. Her father, a WWI veteran, born in Indiana, was an electrician who worked for the government in that year. Her mother grew up on the family ranch in Scurry County, Texas. Janice describes how she got to Texas, “I came to Texas because I wanted to come. My mother had always spoken of Texas with great pride and affection, and I grew up thinking it must be a very fine place. When I was a child, we visited her relatives in West Texas and one occasion, we visited an aunt who lived in Austin. We drove by the University and the idea of going there one day took root in my imagination. When I finished high school, my mother wanted me to attend Ouachita Baptist College in Arkadelphia, a town only about 30 miles from Hot Springs. I still wanted to go to Texas, so Mother made a bargain with me –if I went to Ouachita for one year, then I could go to Texas, if I still wanted to come.
The year at Ouachita went very well; I took math, chemistry, physics, English, and French. (I persuaded them to let me postpone the required Bible course until the second year!). I had wonderful science professors—especially the chemistry professor, Dr. Provine. However, when the year was over, I came home and told my mother that I was ready to go to Texas. I must have applied and been accepted; I don't remember. Getting into college back then didn't seem to be the problem it has become now! At that time UT was on a three-term schedule, so in July, I got on a train and traveled by myself to Austin. My parents did not move to Texas. I was 18 when I came to UT and 21 (or 20) when I started graduate work.”
In 1948, Janice was a member of Iota Sigma Pi, national honorary society for women in chemistry. She received her BA in 1948, also the year she married William Wharton Fain, a fellow physics major.( Bill and Janice are shown at left.) Janice, as an undergraduate, was a chemistry major, however, an administrative regulation changed that. As she tells it, “I was a happy chemistry major doing well in a physics class. Professor Bill Robertson asked if I would be interested in grading papers. I was pretty busy, however, I agreed to help him. At the end of the month, to my surprise, I received a check. Investigating, I determined, I was an employee of the physics department! It never occurred to me that I would be paid. Later, a regulation was imposed that graders must be physics majors. Since money was very tight, I announced, ‘I am a physics major.’” Janice described some work during the summer of 1952, “Bill and I worked at the Bell Labs in Summit, New Jersey. I worked in the infrared spectroscopy lab. (I was no dummy; it was the only air-conditioned part. We had a lot of visitors from other parts of the lab on hot summer afternoons.) Bill's work was classified, and I never knew exactly what he did. (Since much of our work was always classified, it was an unwritten rule that we never discussed any of it outside the office.)”
She received her MA in 1951 with an experimental project in X-ray crystallography and her PhD with Professor F. A. Matsen in 1956. Her husband received his PhD in 1955 (A Study of an Electrokinetic Phenomenon). Bill described his initial interest in physics, “I tell people I'm the only person in the world who got a PhD in physics just to be friendly. I say that, because the reason for taking my first course in physics, was to get better acquainted with Janice Bloom who was majoring in physics.” He continued working for Electro-Mechanics Co. (a company started by Fred Morris, UT PhD 1951) until Janice completed her degree. She did further study in physics at the Universite de Paris Faculte des Sciences, on a Soroptimist International Postdoctoral Fellowship for Study Abroad from 1956–57. (Soroptimist is an international organization for business and professional women who work to improve the lives of women and girls in local communities and throughout the world.) From childhood, Janice was an ardent Wagnerite, but the war prevented a visit to Bayreuth until that trip.
Returning from Paris, they were both employed by Chance-Vought Aircraft in Texas until 1959, when she became a member of the technical staff at Pacific Missile Range, Land-Air, Inc., Point Mugu. From 1961–63 Janice was a member of the scientific staff of the Supreme Headquarters, Allied Powers Europe, Tech Centre (SHAPE) in the Hague, Netherlands. While there, she worked on the development of the Strike Evaluation Program, a simulation program that was used as a mission planning aid for SHAPE, and began conceptual development of a major ground-warfare model. In 1963, she joined the McDonnell Douglas Corporation in Long Beach, CA, as Deputy Chief of Special Studies and Evaluations, Advance Plans. She developed a simulation for the industrial use of manpower and was co-developer, with husband Bill, of the Tactical Warfare Simulation Program. In 1966, she joined the Amphibious Warfare Study Group at the Center for Naval Analyses, Arlington, VA.
In 1969, Janice joined CACI, (The original name of the company was California Analysis Center, Inc. In 1967, the company was renamed Consolidated Analysis Centers, Inc. The company name was officially changed to CACI, Inc. in 1973). She served as a senior associate and participated in the development and teaching of a CACI-sponsored course, “Introduction to Simulation of Military Systems and Operations.” For a course in “Quantitative Techniques in International Relations”, given by CACI at the National War College, Janice developed an interactive version of the simulation of international politics that was presented to the students. During 1973–74, she served as director of the Developing Technology for Analyzing PSYOP Systems, a project under contract to the US Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences. In 1976, Janice earned an MA in political science from Yale. She left CACI in 1983 and worked for a small analysis company which did work for the CIA. A few year later she joined Defense Systems.
Janice held membership in: Sigma Pi Sigma, Sigma XI, Iota Sigma Pi and the American Physical Society. She was listed in American ‘Men’ of Science.
Janice and Bill had one daughter, Stephanie Beatrice Fain Morrow and two granddaughters. Following retirement, she travelled extensively with members of her family.
Janice is shown with granddaughter Katherine Morrow. Pictured taken in 2007, in Dinxgi, China where Katherine was serving in the Peace Corps.
1959 Mary Gowen Foulks Gourley, (b. 1923–) PhD, dissertation title, Propagation and Interaction of Eastic Waves and Shock Waves in Solids. Student of Professor Darrell Hughes. She married fellow physics major, Lloyd E. Gourley Jr. in 1948. In 1955, she was at Research and Development Division, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, New Mexico. She worked in atmospheric physics. Later, she became a physics professor at Austin College, Sherman, TX. Her photo at Austin College is shown at right. Mary Gowen Foulks, (1923–1971) PhD 1959, Propagation and Interaction of Elastic Waves and Shock Waves in Solids. Student of Darrell Hughes. She married fellow physics major Lloyd E. Gourley Jr. in 1948. In 1955, she was at Research and Development Division, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, New Mexico. She worked in atmospheric physics. Later became a physics professor at Austin College, Sherman, TX. An article in May 19, 1959, Austin American Statesman, stated, "Gourleys Get College Posts, Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd E. Gourley Fr.,b oth of whom will receive their PhD degree in August from the University of Texas, will join the Austin College faculty in Sherman in September. Mrs. Gourley will be associate professor of mathematics and physics and Gourley will be associate professor of physics.
"Both Mr. ad Mrs. Gourley have extensive backgrounds in scientific research. Gourley received his BS and MA degrees from University of Texas and will receive his doctorate upon completion of his dissertation concerning the physical properties of solids under high pressures.
"His professional experience includes work on petroleum exploration and ordinance problems. From 1948–1951. Gourley was an assistant physicist with the Atlantic Refining Company, leaving there to become a research physicist at the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology.
"He has been a research scientist for the University of Texas Department of Physics and a staff member, during the summer of 1957–1958, at Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory.
"Mrs Gourley was an associate physicist from 1952-1956 at the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology and is a research scientist at the University of Texas.
"During the summer of 1957–1958 she was a staff member at Los Alamos and was a computer scientist and physicist for three years during the late 1940s with the Atlantic Refining Company.
"Mrs. Gourley attended North Texas State College in Denton and completed her undergraduate work and received for master's degree from the University of Texas. She has studied on a fellowship from the Austin branch of the American Association of University Women.
"Her dissertation will be concerned with the propagation of shock waves in solids. She has used an IBM 704 high-speed digital computer to obtain solution for the problem.
"Mrs. Gourley is a member of the American Physical Society, Sigma Xi, the AAUW, and the League of Women Voters.
"Both Mr. and Mrs Gourley were named in the 1957 issue of The American "Men" of Science."
1962 Gail Lemar Legate MA, thesis title, Neutron Yield from the N¹5 (d,n) Reaction.
1966 Patricia Sue Maloney Buchanan MA, thesis title, Angular Distributions of Gamma Rays Produced in the Y89(n, n'y) Y89 Reaction.
1969 Anibal Milan Silvesti (b. 1937–), MA, thesis title, Liquid Scintillation Techniques in the Analysis of Low Energy Beta Emitting Isotopes.
1970 Rosalie Ann Robinette (b. 1939–) MA, thesis title, Mössbauer Spectroscopy in the Study of Some Fe (III) tris dialkyldithiocarbamates.
1972 Cécile DeWitt-Morette, Joined the University of Texas as a Professor of Astronomy. Nepotism laws prevented her from being appointed in physics. Her husband, Bryce, became a Professor of Physics the same year. It was 1983 before the University changed it rules to pertmit her appointment as Jane and Roland Blumberg Centennial Professor in Physics.
1972 Amy Judith Wolfram, MA, thesis title, Kinematical Parameters of Nuclear Reactions.
1972 Reba Alice Beeler (b. 1917–), MA, thesis title, Comparison of Proton Wave Functions Derived from the Shell Model Theory with Those Resulting from the Coupled Lane Equations..
1972 Susan Lynette Latham, MA, thesis title, Transition Probability Resonances in the Collinear Reactive Scattering of F + H2.
1972 Rosalie Ann Robinette, (b. 1939), PhD, dissertation title, The Mössbauer Effect in Some Iodine 129 Compounds. Taught at Gallaudet College, Washington, D. C.
1972 Sister John Clement Hungerman, (b. 1934), PhD dissertation title, ”The Temperature and Pressure Dependence of the Lifetime of Singlet Metastable Helium. Taught at Marygrove College, Detroit, MI. More about Sister John.
1973 Linda Reichl was appointed assistant professor of physics. She was the first woman on the physics faculty since Lulu Bailey died in 1921, a span of 52 years.
1975 Iue-hua Grace Jeng (b. 1949–) MA, thesis title, Proton Magnetic Resonance Line Shape Measurements of Solid Ethane.
1975 Margarita de Sanchez (b. 1929–), PhD, thesis title, The Critical Radius of a Spherical Homogeneous Nuclear Reactor From a Simple Leakage Calculation.
1976 Mary E. Edgerton, BS, was born in Austin, Texas and was raised in the Rio Grande Valley. She received a BS in Physics with highest honors from the University of Texas at Austin. Following this, she was a Marshall Scholar to the United Kingdom where she received a PhD in Biophysics from the University of East Anglia. She completed postdoctoral studies at the University of California at San Francisco and at the State University of New York at Stony Brook, and then worked for nine years for Exxon and then Mobil Oil Company in their research laboratories. She left the research laboratories to attend medical school, and obtained her MD from Medical College of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, magna cum laude. She completed her pathology residency and surgical pathology fellowship at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania. She is board-certified in anatomic and clinical pathology and was an assistant professor of pathology at Vanderbilt University and an Associate professor in the Division of Anatomic Pathology at the Moffitt Cancer Center before coming to MD Anderson, where she is currently an associate professor. Mary also holds a joint appointment as adjunct professor, Division of School of Health Information Sciences, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX.
1976 Ann Marie Boudreaux Schmiedekamp (b. 1948–), PhD, thesis title, Ab Initio Investigations of: A. Inversion Barriers of Some Nitrogen and Phosphorus Compounds; B. Valance Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Model. Ann graduated from St. Agnes Academy in Houston in 1966. Ann received a BS in physics from University of Texas at Austin with honors. Ann began her thesis work with Cary Davids in nuclear astrophysics, however, following his departure from UT, she worked for Jim Boggs in chemistry doing quantum calculations. She is a professor of physics at Penn State University at Abington. She has been at Penn State, Abington since 1978, but had sabbatical appointments at Princeton, University, National Cancer Institute, (Frederick Md.), SmithKline Beecham (Lower Merion, PA), and Bristol University (Bristol England). Her research interests are computational chemistry,
density functional calculations on transition metal spin crossover systems, and
radio astronomy. Among her awards are: Outstanding Advising and Mentoring Award 2014, Abington College Career Development Professorship, 2007-2009, Fulbright Senior Scholar Grant alternate (Award 6399) 2006-2007, Award for the Engagement of Students 2006, Distinguished Faculty Service Award 2005, Ogontz Scholars Award, 1994-1995, 1988-1989.
Ann married Carl Schmiedekamp in 1973 while both were graduate students at UT. Carl, a UT PhD graduate in physics, is also on the faculty at Penn State Abington. Ann commented, "Carl and I have really enjoyed being a part of an undergraduate campus and we are both passionate about physics and astronomy education." Carl and Ann have two sons and two daughters who are all graduates of Penn State University. One son is a physics and math major. One daughter has a PhD in biophysics and works in research and development in pharmaceutical development. The younger son is an aerospace engineer and the younger daughter is a chemistry educator in high school. Carl, Ann and Professor Manfred Fink are shown below in summer of 2017.
1977 Carmen Elena Sanchez MA thesis title, On Teaching a Guided Discovery Laboratory Course in Physical Science.
1978 Christine Elizabeth Poe Krohn PhD, thesis title, Photo-assisted Electron Injection at a Semi-conductor-ammonia Interface. Her supervisor was Professor James C. Thompson.
1983 Donna Jean Cremans MA thesis title, A measurement of the spin depolarization parameters for proton-proton elastic scattering at 699 MeV. Donna is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Donald T. Cremans. She graduated from Irvin High School in El Paso. She earned a BA from Rice University in 1973.
1984 Rosalinda Karcz de Fainchtein PhD, dissertation title, Field Induced Resonances in the Toda Lattice.
1984 Jill Ann Marshall PhD, dissertation title,, A Measurement of the Wolfenstein Parameters for Proton-proton and Proton-neutron
Scattering at 500 MeV. Her dissertation was supervised by Professor G. W. Hoffmann. Dr. Jill A. Marshall is an associate professor in the Science and Mathematics Education group at the University of Texas. Jill is a daughter of Ray and Pat Marshall. Ray was a celebrated professor of economics at the University of Texas. He served four years as US Secretary of Labor in the Carter administration.
Jill received her BS in physics from Stanford University in 1980 and her PhD in physics from the University of Texas at Austin in 1984. She is currently Associate Co-Director of the nationally-recognized UTeach secondary STEM teacher certification program. She teaches professional development courses for pre-service science, engineering, and mathematics teachers and graduate courses in Science, Technology Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Education, as well as a course based on Physics by Inquiry that focuses on cognitive and pedagogical issues. Doctoral candidates under her supervision have investigated teachers' views on equitable science teaching, mathematical modeling of motion, the use of Personal Response Systems in college science classrooms, and the validity of standardized tests in Texas. Her research interests include cognitive issues in learning, teaching and assessing understanding in STEM, as well as gender issues in science, engineering, and technology. She was involved in the design and calibration of particle detectors for use in space for 10 years at Southwest Research Institute before becoming increasingly involved in science outreach and education. She held a position focused on physics education research at Utah State University before returning to her native Texas in 2000. She serves on the Advisory Board for PhysTEC (Physics Teacher Education Coalition). She has been president of the Texas and Utah Sections of the American Association of Physics Teachers and served as president of the national AAPT in 2012.
1986 Katherine Ann Holcomb, Ph.D., Thesis title, A Numerical Study of Some Spherically-symmetric and Axisymmetric Cosmological Models. The work was supervised by Richard Matzner. Katherine is the daughter of Dr. and Mrs. Kenneth J. Holcomb of Tulsa, OK. She graduated from Jenks High School in 1975 where she was valedictorian and a National Merit Finalist. Katherine Holcomb attended Oklahoma State University at Stillwater, OK where she studied physics and mathematics. She graduated in 1979 and entered the University of Texas at Austin. She is a Senior Computational Research Consultant at the University of Virginia. With John F. Hawley, Katherine wrote a book on cosmology entitled, Foundations in Modern Cosmology. It was published by Oxford Press in 1997. A second edition appeared in 2005.
1987 Gayle K. Weber MA, thesis title, Time Signature of Photocurrents in Liquid Ammonia.
1989 Rebecca L. Wardlaw earned her BS in physics, cum laude. She earned an MS, 1995 and PhD 1998 at University of Houston. Her career included work as an engineer for Rockwell Space Operations Company doing orbit and de-orbit design for the Space Shuttle. She was a post-doctoral student at UCLA where she did analysis of the structure of a wide range of solid state electronic and optical materials, using high-resolution x-ray diffraction, x-ray topography, and atomic force microscopy. During 2000-2002, she was a post-doctoral student at University of Houston where she did a study of the ordering and superlattice structure in semiconductor multilayers using high-resolution x-ray diffraction. In 2012, she became instructional and research associate professor at the University of Houston, where she has won a number of teaching awards. In 1993, she married David J. Forrest.
1990 D. V. “Kitty" Knebel MA, thesis title, An ATR Study of Silver Film Growth on Warm Glass Substrates.
2000 Sonia Paban, joins the UT Physics faculty as assistant professor. Her PhD was from the Universitat de Barcelona in 1988. Her area of interest is Cosmology, Quantum Field Theory, and String Theory. She s a member of the Theory Group.
2001 Heather Flewelling, graduated in 2001. On February 26, 2019 she discovered a 17th magnitude comet in images taken with the ATLAS (Asteroid Terrestrial-impact Last Alert System) 0.5m Schmidt telescope at Mauna Loa. It had been posted on the PCCP as A10ceJ9. [CBET 4614, MPEC 2019-F53, March 21, 2019]. The comet was at perihelion at 1.6 au in May 2019. The comet bears her name, COMET C/2019 D1 (Flewelling). Following graduation from the University of Texas with a BS in physics, Heather enrolled in the University of Michigan astronomy program and received her PhD in 2009. Heather is currently a researcher at ATLAS (Asteroid Terrestrial-impact Last Alert System) in Hawaii. She is a member of the team that created and maintains Panoramic Survey Telescope and Rapid Response System (Pan-STARRS) It is the world's largest astronomical database.
2004 Erin Wells Bonning (1975-) earned a PhD. Her dissertation was entitled "Computational and Astrophysical Studies of Black Hole Spacetimes." The work was supervised by Richard A. Matzner. Other members of the committee were Cécile Dewitt-Morette, Philip Morrison, Paul Shipiro and Lawrence Shepley.The thesis was dedicated to her grandmother, Julie Ann Longhenry. Erin Wells Bonning was born on February 26, 1975, in Annapolis, Maryland, the daughter of Stuart Wells Bonning and Maryann Longhenry Bonning. She received the Bachelor of Arts degree in Liberal Arts from St. John's College in Annapolis, Maryland, in May 1997. her senior essay was, " Time Space, and the Absolute World: A Study of Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity." After working briefly at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, DC, she entered the graduate school of the University of Texas at Austin in August of 1998. In 2007, Erin was an astronomer at the Observatory of Paris at Meudon. She is Senior Lecturer and Director of the Emory Planetarium at Emory University in Atlanta Georgia.
2006 Christina Markert joins the UT Physics faculty as assistant professor. Her PhD was from the Johan Wolfgang Goethe University of Frankfurt, Germany, in 2001. Her areas of interest are High Energy Nuclear Physics, ALICE experiment at the LHC, STAR and sPHENIX experiment at RHIC. She is an experimental physicist.
2007 Janice Adona Trinidad (1976-) earned a PhD. Her dissertation was entitled "Electrical Transport through One-Dimensional Metallic Nanoparticle Arrays". The work was supervised by Professor Allan H.MacDonald. Janice Adona Trinidad was born on June 19, 1976 in Brooklyn, New York to Eden Adona Trinidad and Andres Jaime Burgos Trinidad. Janice graduated from Mother Seton Regional High School in Clark, New Jersey, in May 1994. She graduated summa cum laude ad honorum from Fordham University with a Bachelor of Science degree in physics in May 2000. In August 2000, she began graduate studies in the physics department at the University of Texas at Austin. While conducting research with Dr. Elena Bascones and Dr. Allan Macdonald, she developed a love for communicating science to students of all ages. In May 2007, she earned her high school science certiﬁcation through the UTeach program and was hired as a science teacher by Steven Zipkes, the principal of Manor New Tech High School. Dr. Trinidad served as a founding faculty member of Manor New Technology High from 2007 to 2016. At Manor New Tech, she taught Project Based Learning (PBL) courses for 10 years and created over one hundred PBL projects while teaching courses that integrated Physics with Algebra 2 and Engineering. She has designed and implemented PBL training courses for other educators since 2009. Since then, she has taught PBL best practices to thousands of teachers throughout the country and the world including Australia, China, and Kazakhstan. In 2016, she joined a very dynamic and experienced staff in founding Cedars International Next Generation High School (CINGHS). At CINGHS, she has created and facilitated PBL courses in Physics and Engineering, Algebra 2, 8th Grade Math, and Geometry. She currently teaches at Cedars International Academy in Austin.
2007 Elaine Li, joins the UT Physics faculty as assistant professor. Her PhD was from the University of Michigan in 2003. Her area of interest is ultrafast nonlinear spectroscopy in condensed matter; quantum dynamics and control in nanostructures. She is an experimentalist.. She is a member of the Theory Group.
2010 Vernita Gordon, joins the UT Physics faculty as assistant professor. Her PhD was from Harvard University in 2003. She earned a BS from Vanderbilt University in 1997. She completed postdocs at University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana and University of Edinburgh. Her area of interest is experimental biological physics; multicellular systems; the role of physics and spacial structure in developmental and evolutionary systems. She is a member of the Center for Nonlinear Dynamics.
2011 Rosa Elia Cardenas (1980-) Rosa Elia Cardenas earned an MA in 2005 and her PhD in 2011. Her dissertaion was entitled, " Analysis of Crystalline Ammonium Hexafluorophosphate Using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Force Microscopy (NMRFM) and Design and Construction of a Dynamical Room-temperature NMRFM Microscope". Her supervisor was Professor John Markert. Rosa was born in Houston, TX. She is the youngest of four siblings. After graduating from Business Careers High School in San Antonio, TX, she attended The University of Texas at Austin. After two years at UT, she was awarded the Corporate Sponsored Scholarship from The American Physical Society, and the Gates Millennium Scholars scholarship award from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. In her third year at UT, she began working in Dr. Markert’s Magnetism and Superconductivity Lab. In her last year she worked with Soyeun Park in Dr. Josef Kas’ Biophysics Lab. After graduating with a Bachelor of Science degree in physics from The University of Texas at Austin, she worked for a company in California. While working, she applied to graduate school and was accepted. She began her graduate work at The University of Texas at Austin, and re-joined Dr. Markert’s Magnetism and Superconductivity Lab. Two years later, she graduated from The University of Texas at Austin with a Master of Arts degree in physics. She then continued as a PhD student to pursue the study of solid state crystalline samples using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Force Microscopy. In one summer, she was awarded an internship at Sematech where she worked for Dr. Joseph Bennett using secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) in the analysis of semiconductor devices. She is graduating with her Ph.D. in physics in August of 2011. After graduation she had aa postdoctoral position at Sandia National Lab in Livermore, California. She is currently on the faculty of the University of Incarnate Word in San Antonio, Texas.
2017 Elena Caceres, joins the UT Physics faculty as associate professor. Her PhD was from the University of Texas in 1996. Her BS was from Universidad Católica del Perú in 1986. From 2011-2017, she was professor of physics at the Universidad de Colima, Eolima, México. She is a theoretical physicist . Her research interests are in string theory and gravity.She has worked in different aspects of gauge/gravity duality, supergravity solutions and holography. Her current interest is focused in the relationship between quantum information theory, gravity, and spacetime. She says, "Entanglement is a beautiful word." Shei s a member of the Theory Group.
2019 Katherine Freese, theoretical astrophysicist, joins the department as Jeff and Gail Kodosky Endowed Chair in Physics. She is known for her work in theoretical cosmology at the interface of particle physics and astrophysics. Freese received her BA from Princeton University, one of the first women to major in physics at Princeton. She obtained her MA from Columbia University, and her PhD at the University of Chicago from advisor David Schramm. After postdoctoral fellowships at Harvard University, at the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics at University of California, Santa Barbara, and as a Presidential Fellow at the University of California, Berkeley, she became an Assistant Professor at MIT. She moved to the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, where she was the George E. Uhlenbeck Professor of Physics. From 2007-2014 she was Associate Director of the Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics. In September 2014, she assumed the position of Director of Nordita, the Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics, in Stockholm, and held a position as Visiting Professor of Physics at Stockholm University. In 2019, Freese moved to the University of Texas at Austin, where she holds the Jeff and Gail Kodosky Endowed Chair in Physics. In 2020, Professor Freese was elected to the National Academy of Sciences. She is author of the book The Cosmic Cocktail: Three Parts Dark Matter, published in June 2014.
2019 Anna Tenerani, joins the UT Physics faculty as assistant professor. She received her Ph.D. in Astronomy & Astrophysics (Ecole Doctorale d'Astronomie et Astrophysique d'Ile de France, Paris VI) and in Applied Physics (Scuola di Dottorato in Scienze di Base G. Galilei, University of Pisa) through the joint French-Italian Ph.D. program. She also studied at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris. In addition she studied classical piano at the Conservatorio di Musica G. Puccini. Her area of interest is space plasma physics. Se also was Caltech post-doctoral scholar at JPL andaAssistant researcher at UCLA. She s a member of the Institute for Fusion Studies.
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