**A Synopsis of Dr.
Chiu’s Research and Teaching at UT (1971-2013)**

Dr. Chiu has been a faculty member at the UT Physics Department
from the fall of 1971 to the summer 2013, over the span of 42 academic years.
The attached CV details his teaching awards, inclusive of specific references
to selected research papers. Below are highlights of his accomplishments and
contributions to UT.

**1.
****Significant Research
Contributions**

Dr.
Chiu’s main research interest has been in strong interaction physics referred
to as hadron physics. His post doctoral work and his research during his early
tenure at UT (1966-1975), comprised experimental evidence on the Regge pole model, exchange degenerate Regge
trajectories, and the dual resonance model. (Please refer to Dr. Chiu’s review article
in the Annual Review of Nuclear Science as well as the follow up papers listed
within the context of his CV.) Significantly, the properties of the hadron
collision phenomena discussed in his research were the key ingredients of the
model proposed by Veneziano, which is a model of the
classical string, a precursor of the quantum string, now string theory.

Further,
in the 70s, there was the discovery of the fundamental theory of strong
interaction: the quantum chromodynamics (QCD). One
finds that hadron interaction is the consequence to interactions among
elementary color partons, the quarks and gluons. QCD
has the property of “asymptotic freedom”, i.e. when the harder are the partons colliding, and the larger is the momentum transfer
between the partons, and the weaker is the
interaction strength between them. Here “perturbation theory” (PQCD) can be
used to calculate cross sections. On the other hand, when the collisions are
soft, interactions between partons are strong, In
this collision region, (also referred to as the small-x
region) PQCD cannot be used. Consequently, it turned out the collisions
observed in the particle accelerators are dominated by small momentum transfer
events, where collisions are soft. In the late 70s and 80s, Dr. Chiu researched
the soft collision phenomena using multiple scatting models.

Additionally,
during this period, Dr. Chiu collaborated with Professor E. C. G. Sudarshan and other contributors in the study of the
Quantum Zeno effect. Chiu worked out several examples of the Lee-Friedrich
Model, which illustrated how the Zeno effect arises in the Quantum Field
theory. In collaboration with Sudarshan and
colleagues, Chiu worked on the formulation of the Generalized Quantum theory
which involves unstable quantum systems. Some of their work is summarized in a
review article in Advances in Chemical Physics referenced within the contents
of his attached CV.

Moreover,
due to the termination of the superconducting-supercollider (SSC) project by
the US Congress in 1993, Dr. Chiu shifted his research interest to Plasma
Physics, joining the Institute of Fusion Study as an affiliated faculty member.
Hence, he collaborated with Professors Toshi Tajima
and Mike Downer in the investigation of laser-wakefield
acceleration and its application to radiation medicine. The paper of Dr. Chiu
and collaborators on the dose property of the electron beam was the recipient of the **AAPM's
Farrington Daniels Award** in 2005.

Henceforth,
Dr. Chiu also collaborated with Professor Wendell Horton. Among their various
projects, they investigated electron trajectory in the presence of shock
waves. Through computer simulation, they
demonstrated that the spiraling electron trajectory can travel over an
extensive long distance.

Furthermore, around 2012, the relativistic
heavy ion collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National lab began its operation which
provided abundant hadron data in soft, semi-hard and hard collisions. Consequently,
Chiu’s research interest has shifted back to hadron physics. Since 2004, he has
been collaborating with Professor Rudolph Hwa. They
have investigated various aspects of the two-particle correlation phenomena in
relativistic heavy ion collisions, and the application of Hwa’s
recombination model to the collision data.

To date, Chiu continues his research related
to QCD. During the period 2006-2011, he supervised two doctorate students Man
Fung Cheung and Matt Haley. Both dissertations were related to understanding
hadron physics based on QCD. At present, Chiu continues to collaborate with his
former student Cheung on the “classical field modified minijet
model”. At this point, the presence of soft field in high energy collisions is
well established among experts in the field. Their goal is to carry out the
hadron cross section calculation from the production of minijets
in the presence of the classical field in the framework of QCD.

**2.
Highlights in Instruction and in Physics Education. **

__Teaching Engineering Physics:
Phy303K/L____ __

By 1991, the Physics Department serviced
Engineering Physics classes for over 2,000 students per year. In Fall of 1991 Professor
Austin Gleeson, then Departmental Chair, recruited Dr. Chiu together with
Dr. C. Fred Moore, to supervise the teaching of
303K/L on a long term basis. Hence,
Dr. Chiu has since been the instructor who is involved in the teaching and
other 303K/L related matters over the past two decades.

During the early 90s, Chiu collaborated with Professor C. Fred Moore and
other instructors in the initial development of computerized homework/exam
problems for Engineering Physics students.

In 1996, to promote interactive teaching in large classrooms, Dr. Chiu
initiated the use of the UT Class Talk System, a classroom communication system,
in the UT Physics Department. He advocated to intersperse “interactive quiz
sessions” within the lecture format, in order to better engage students’ attention,
to promote active learning and peer instruction, and to obtain immediate
feedback from the class. In addition to setting up the ClassTalk
system for the 303K/L, Dr. Chiu also helped to facilitate the use of the
classroom communication system within several Biology, Human Ecology, and English classes. Dr. Chiu is the professor who initiated the
use of the classroom communication system on the UT campus. He is the founder
of the UT Interactive Teaching Support
Project (click this link for more details)

Additionally, Dr. Chiu has developed an
interactive-quiz library for the entire two-semester course of Engineering
Physics and has set up a data base on the web, available to students and other
colleagues. Please refer to web links: 303K,
303L.

For these and other teaching efforts, Dr. Chiu has received numerous teaching
excellence awards, including the UT President's Associates Teaching Excellence
Award, a Special Teaching Award from the College of Engineering, Dad’s
Association Centennial Teaching Fellowship, the Friar Centennial Teaching
Fellowship and more as noted on the attached CV. In 1998, he was nominated and became a member
of the UT Academy of Distinguished Teachers. (See his essay ,the web link on his teaching philosophy
and his large classroom interactive teaching.)

__Pioneering the M&I approach__

In the academic year (2009-2010), Chiu experimented in the teaching of
Engineering Physics using a new textbook entitled “Matter & Interactions”
(M&I) in one of the Engineering Physics classes. The M&I textbook is a
by-product of the National Science Foundation’s sponsored Physics Education
Research (PER). The textbook presents physics within a modern perspective and
stresses the “understanding” of physics with an emphasis on comprehension. It makes an effort to steer students away from
a “plug and chug” mentality, prevalent in the minds of many Engineering
students as they go through the traditional physics education curriculum.

During the first year
trial, significantly positive responses from students using the M&I materials
were received. Thus, in the following year, the M&I curriculum was used by
several 303K/L sections. In May 2011, Matt Haley, the TA who worked with Dr. Chiu
helped to launch the new M&I curriculum, received the Livingston Outstanding
Graduate Student Award. Significantly, Dr. Keto, our
graduate advisor remarked that he believed this was the first
highest honor of its kind, to be received in our department in his memory.

Thereafter, in the fall of 2012, two teaching teams were established.
Dr. Harry Swinney and his associates supervised 303K
and Dr. Chiu supervised by 303L. Since
then, Dr. Chiu has devoted a more focused effort towards the development of
303L (or the electricity and magnetism) part of the M&I course.

__Development of UT 303L MI-curriculum__

Dr. Chiu’s goal has been to develop a UT version of the EM-course based
on M&I volume II, to be more suitable for the Physics Department. The main
adjustments comprise the implementation of a slightly higher math level than
that of the textbook, the rearrangement of presentations to establish a
curriculum which flows closer to a traditional textbook with more emphasis on
several topics not stressed in the textbook. Lastly through the development of
our own Quest-MI-Bank, the new M&I 303L curriculum
will be supported by the UT Quest System.

The present goal is to make what we have developed, i.e. the lesson plans, clicker questions, lectures, homework, and sample exam questions, fully accessible to the UT instructors, and in a limited but significant way, to instructors at other universities.