The Introduction to Quantum Field Theory is a two-semester course. Content-wise, this is a continious 29-week long course, but for administrative purposes it is split in two:

- PHY 396 K -- Quantum Field Theory I, usually taught in the Fall, and
- PHY 396 L -- Quantum Field Theory II, usually taught in the Spring.

Physics-wise, the split is rather arbitrary, so * students seriously
interested in the Quantum Field Theory should take both halves
of the course.*

Unfortunately, the UT Physics Department is unable to offer the QFT II class every year, so the students who take QFT I (396 K) this Fall (2019) will have to wait till Spring of 2021 to take the QFT II (396 L) class.

This web page is the syllabus for the whole course as taught in the academic years 2019/20/21
(that is, **396K** taught in Fall 2019 and again in Fall 2020, and **396L** taught in Spring 2021)
by **Dr. Vadim Kaplunovsky**,
although the logistical detail are specific to the Fall 2019 semester
(unique number=55155).

The formal pre-requisites for the QFT (I) class is graduate standing and the PHY 389 K class
(graduate Quantum Mechanics (I)).
However, what I care about is your knowledge rather than your status or grades.
**If** you have the pre-requisite knowledge — however you have learned it
— I'll sign the paperwork to let you into my class even if you are
an undergraduate student.

Understanding Quantum Field Theory requires serious knowledge of quantum mechanics
at graduate or *advanced* undergraduate level.
Besides the QM basics — like knowing how to solve the hydrogen atom —
you must be familiar with the multi-oscillator systems, the rotational symmetry
and the angular momenta as its generators, the identical particles, the perturbation
theory, and the basics of scattering theory.
For the UT undergraduate students, you should complete the undergraduate QM sequence
of 373 + 362K + 362L classes before taking the QFT class.
For students who have learned their QM elsewhere, you need either 120 hours of undergraduate
QM classes (not counting the inroductory *Modern Physics* class), or basic
undergraduate QM followed by a gradute-level QM class.
In any case, read J. J. Sakirai's book Modern Quantum Mechanics
in the summer; if you understand everything in it, you are ready for my QFT class,
but if the book looks all Japanese to you, you should beef up your Quanum Mechanics
before taking Quantum Field Theory.

Besides QM, you would need good undergraduate-level knowledge of Classical Mechanics
(the Lagrangian, the Hamiltonian, the canonical variables, etc.),
Classical Electrodynamics (the vector potential **A**, the gauge transforms, the EM stress-energy tensor, etc.),
and basic special relativity
(the Lorentz transforms, the 4–vectors, and the tensors).
Make sure you are familiar with both 3D and 4D index notations, so expressions like
**F**_{μν}**F**^{μν} do not confuse you or slow you down.
You do not need general relativity for the QFT classes.
In terms of the UT undergraduate classes, the 336 + 352K + 352L classes should give you
adequate background.

The undegraduate-level Statistical Mechanics would be very useful for the second semester
of QFT (**396L**), but you would not need it for the first semester (**396K**).

Finally, on the Math side, you would need basic complex analysis, especially the contour integrals and how to take them. You are also advised to learn a bit of continuous group theory, but this is not a pre-requisite. In class, I shall explain the basics of continuous groups, their generators, and the representations from scratch, but it would help if you already know something when I do.

- Bosonic Fields:
- Classical field theory; relativistic fields; identical bosons and quantum fields; Klein–Gordon propagator and relativistic causality; quantum electromagnetic fields and photons.
- Fermionic fields:
- Lorentz symmetry and spinor fields; Dirac equation and its solutions; second quantization of fermions and particle-hole formalism; quantum Dirac field; Weyl and Majorana spinor fields.
- Symmetries in QFT:
- Continuous symmetries and conserved currents; spontaneous symmetry breaking and Goldstone bosons; local (gauge) symmetry and QED; Higgs mechanism and superconductivity; non-abelian gauge symmetries and the Yang-Mills theory; discrete symmetries.
- Interacting Fields and Feynman Rules:
- Perturbation theory; correlation functions and Feynman diagrams; S-matrix and cross-sections; Feynman rules for the QED, QCD, and other important firld theories.
- Quantum Electrodynamics:
- Some elementary processes; radiative corrections; infrared and ultraviolet divergencies; renormalization of fields and of the electric charge; Ward identities.
- Functional Methods:
- Path integrals in quantum mechanics; "path" integrals for classical fields and functional quantization; functional quantization of QED; QFT and statistical mechanics; quantum symmetries and conservation laws.
- Renormalization Theory:
- Systematics of renormalization; `integration out' and the Wilsonian renormalization; `running' of the coupling constants and the renormalization group.
- Non-Abelian Gauge Theories:
- Non-abelian gauge symmetries and the Yang-Mills theory; interactions of gauge bosons and Feynman rules; Fadde'ev-Popov ghosts and BRST; renormalization of the YM theories and the asymptotic freedom; chiral gauge symmetries; the Standard Model; confinement and other non-perturbative effects.

In the first semester (the 396 K class) I shall focus on:

- quantization of bosonic and fermionic fields;
- the symmetries (including the Higgs mechanism and the non-abelian gauge symmetries at the semi-classical level);
- perturbation theory and the Feynman graphs;
- elementary processes in QED.

- loop diagrams and renormalization;
- QED beyond the tree level;
- functional methods;
- QCD and other non-abelian gauge theories.

The primary textbook for both semesters of QFT is An Introduction to Quantum Field Theory by Michael Peskin and Daniel Schroeder. To a large extent, the course is based on this book and should follow it fairly closely, but don't expect a 100% match.

Since both the course and the main textbook are introductory in nature, many questions would be left an-answered. The best reference book for finding the answers is The Quantum Theory of Fields by Steven Weinberg. The first two volumes of this three-volume series are based on a two-year course Dr. Weinberg used to teach here at UT — but of course they also contains much additional material. To a first approximation, Dr. Weinberg's book teaches you everything you ever wanted to know about QFT and more — which is unfortunately way too much for a one-year intoductory course. (Weinberg's volume 3 is about supersymmetry, a fascinating subject I sometimes teach, but I won't cover it in this class.)

Besides the textbooks, I wrote a bunch of supplementary notes (and I might write a few more). All these supplemantary notes are linked to this page.

The homeworks are absolutely essential for understanding the course material.
Often, due to the time pressure, I will explain the general theory
in class and leave the examples for the homework assignment.
It is extremely important for you to work them out by yourselves;
otherwise, you might think you understand the class material but you would not!
*Be warned: The homeworks will be very hard.*

I shall post homework assignments each week on this page. The solutions will be linked to the same page after the due date of each assignment.

*The homeworks are assigned on the honor system:*
I shall not collect or grade the homeworks, but you should endeavor
to finish them on time and check each other's solutions.

There will be separate final grades for each semester. Each grade is based on two take-home tests, one in the middle of the semester, the other at the end; the mid-term test contributes half of the grade and the end-term test the other half. There will be no in-class final exams.

In the Fall 2019 semester:

- The mid-term exam will be given to students on October 25 and due November 1.
- The final exam will be given to students on December 6 (last class) and due on December 13.

- Tuesdays and Thursdays, from 3:30 to 5 PM, in room RLM 5.114.
- Fridays, from 4 to 5 PM, in room RLM 5.112.
- Altogether, 4 hours per week.

For administrative reasons, the Friday class may appear in the official schedule as a `problem session' or a `discussion session'. In practice, I am going to use it for regular lectures, just like the Tuesday and Thursday classes. So please make sure to come to all 3 regular classes each week.

Besides the regular lectures, I shall give a few extra lectures about subjects that are somewhat ouside the main focus of the course but are interesting for their own sake, such as magnetic monopoles or superconductivity. The students are strongly encoraged to attend the supplementary lectures, but there is no penalty for missing them. The issues covered by supplementary lectures will not be necessary to understand the regular lectures and will not appear on exams.

The extra lectures will be on Fridays, from 5 to 6 PM — right after the regular Friday lecture,
and in the same room RLM 5.112.
The extra lectures will be roughly every other week, on
**9/13**, **9/27**, **10/11**, **11/1**, **11/15**, and **11/22**:

- Lecture on
**9/13:***Seeing classical motion in QM and classical fields in QFT.*Also,*Intro to Bose–Einstein condensation.* - Lecture on
**9/27:***Field theory of superfluidity*. - Lecture on
**10/11:***Bose–Einstein condensation and superfluidity*. - Lecture on
**11/1:***Spinor fields in different spacetime dimensions*. - Lecture on
**11/15:***Bound states and resonances*. - Lecture on
**11/22:***Making magnetic monopoles*.

For students' convenience, I shall keep a log of lectures and their subjects on this page. Since the pace of the course may change according to the students' understanding, I will not make a complete schedule at the beginning of the class. Instead, I will simply log every lecture after I give it. This way, if you miss a lecture, you will know what you should read in the textbook and other students' notes.

- Instructor:
- Professor Vadim Kaplunovsky.
- E-mail: vadim@physics.utexas.edu.

Please use email for*simple*homework questions or administrivia. Complicated physics questions should be asked in person. - Office: RLM 9.314 A, phone (512) 471–4918.
- Hours: The students are welcome whenever I'm in my office and not too busy.

- E-mail: vadim@physics.utexas.edu.
- Modterm exam graders:
- Stefan Eccles and Josiah Coach.
- Final exam grader(s):
- TBA, probably myself.

Last Modified: December 5, 2019. Vadim Kaplunovsky

vadim@physics.utexas.edu